Frontiers in Optics 2013 Day 1
Sunday, October 6
FIO Kicks off with Symposium, Student Leadership Meeting and Reception
Attendees began arriving in sunny Orlando, Florida today for the 97th annual Frontiers in Optics 2013. Kicking off the meeting was the OSA Student Leadership conference, a Symposium on the 100th anniversary of the Bohr atom, and the FIO welcome reception.
Heard before FIO: @efcloos:Today, I bought my first real suit for my presentation at #FiO13. Come check it out on Tuesday morning. LTu1H.1
More than 180 students representing OSA student chapters from over 25 countries participated in the Student Leadership conference. Presenters included Elizabeth Rogan (OSA CEO), Steve Fantone (OSA Treasurer) and Anthony Johnson (OSA Past President). Tingting Zhang (Nanjing University) gave an inspiring presentation on what they’re doing for youth education outreach events. The winners of this year’s Student Chapter Excellence Award were Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León and Duke University. The award was presented by Monica Cynthia Fernandez-Luna (Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León) and Mathew Lew (Stanford).
Heard at the Student Leadership Conference: @senelra: Steve Fantone: Secret to success: do what you say you are going to do. Keep your word. #plenary #studentleadership #FiO13
The Symposium on the 100th Anniversary of the Bohr Atom detailed atomic, nuclear, and particle physics and the relationship of these areas with optics and photonics. Charles Clark (NIST) gave an excellent overview of Bohr's seminal work that led to the quantization of the mechanics of atoms, including the prediction of the regular spacing of spectral lines of hydrogen, and its continued impact today. Chris Greene (JILA, Univ. of Colorado at Boulder) explained work on measurements on Rydberg electrons, the complexities introduced by, among others, molecular vibrations and rotations, and how these challenges have been overcome over the past half-century. Nadine Dorre (University of Vienna, Austria) presented impressive work on using far- and near-field interferometry to measure the wavelength of large molecules, including innovative approaches involving time-domain Talbot-Lau interferometry. Masaki Hori (Max-Planck Inst. for Quantum Optics) described how measurements using counter-propagating laser beams performed on helium atoms with an antiproton replacing an electron can be used in conjunction with the Standard Model to demonstrate proton and antiproton mass equivalence to a precision of 7e-10.
The FIO /LS Welcome Reception was also a huge hit with attendees mingling, planning, and networking throughout the evening.
Heard at the FIO Welcome Reception: @senelra: Ready to mingle? Almost time for the #FiO13 Welcome Reception #beer #networking http://instagram.com/p/fJDegcuJ3B/
Be sure to download the conference mobile app so you can take the conference schedule, maps, Twitter and more with you on handheld device throughout the week. And remember: share the buzz from your week on Twitter using the #FIO13 hashtag—best Tweets win a prize and you might even see yours featured in the next Daily Wrap Up.
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Day 2
Monday, October 7
Plenary Session, Technical Programming, and the BRAIN Initiative Take Center Stage
The FIO technical program opened today, with the plenary session taking center stage first thing in the morning. While the government shutdown kept David Wineland (NIST) from speaking as planned, Christopher Monroe (University of Maryland and NIST’s Joint Quantum Institute) graciously stepped in at the last minute to take his place.
Heard before the plenary: @babita2phy
: Plenary session is about to start within few secs....feeling excited to listen big shots #FiO13
Monroe’s lecture entitled “Quantum Information Science with Atoms” explored the exciting possibilities of quantum systems and their entangled states as the next frontier for computing and information processing. In these systems, the fundamental element of quantum information is a qubit instead of the bit used in classical computing. Monroe discussed using the energy levels of trapped ions as qubits and using lasers to manipulate them. He also described the future possibility of exchanging photonic qubits over optical fibers.
Heard during Monroe’s presentation: @dnlgvnn
: Great overview on quantum information with trapped atoms by Christopher Monroe at #FiO13
– stick around for the other plenary talks.
Margaret Murnane (University of Colorado-Boulder and JILA) followed with a plenary speech entitled “Science at the Timescale of the Electron: Coherent keV X-Rays from Tabletop Femtosecond Lasers.” She focused on recent advancements in the nonlinear optical technique of high harmonic generation that have made bright, tabletop soft x-ray lasers possible. If commercialized as planned, these ultrafast lasers could enable imaging of electron motion, lead to next generation lithography, and enable new types of spectroscopic and materials studies at relatively affordable prices.
Heard during Murnane’s presentation:
: Excellent talk on table-top coherent x-ray sources by Margaret Murnane. Science at the timescale of the electron. #FiO13 #plenary
: Dr Murnane gave best kind of talk: detailed, technical yet approachable. #newfan #futureNobel
The final plenary speaker was John Bowers (University of California at Santa Barbara). His presentation “Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuits and Lasers” focused on the rapid growth of internet data and data centers, and photonic devices that can move data more efficiently than electronic devices. Silicon photonic integrated circuits have the potential to integrate photonics with electronics and enable the usage of the electronic industry’s infrastructure to create these devices. Unfortunately, silicon is not a good laser material. Bowers described the increasing number of hybrid devices that incorporate silicon with III-V semiconductors that have good properties for photonics.
Additionally, the Arthur L. Schawlow Prize, given by APS/DLS, was presented to Robert R. Alfano during the plenary session. Alfano gave the Schawlow Prize lecture entitled “Optical physics discoveries using ultrafast lasers.”
Heard after the plenary: @LFOT_TRCC
: Great ideas from FiO plenary for next semester's courses. #FiO13
During the plenary session, there was also a short presentation by Matt Weed from OSA’s Public Policy Committee about the National Photonics Initiative
(NPI). To learn more about NPI and how to get involved, visit the Public Policy booth located near the registration desk. He also announced a special NPI event
on Tuesday from 14:30 to 15:30 in the Floridian Ballroom.
The technical sessions throughout the day also drew crowds looking to learn more about current research trends.
Heard during the technical sessions: @AlketMertiri
: Great talk right now by prof Alfano. #fio13
@ Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek http://instagram.com/p/fKptKpEjo7/
Of note, was the Silicon Photonics I session which focused on the advantages of the using silicon photonics including reduced size, cost and power particularly in telecommunications applications. The session opened with invited talks on silicon modulators, electronic-photonic integration on silicon, and photonic device integration to create coherent transmitters and receivers. Contributed talks followed describing novel photodiodes, mode division multiplexers, on-chips isolators, and nanowires, all made in silicon. Additional information on this session can be found on the FIO blog
Heard at the Silicon Photonics I session: @efcloos
: "Si photonics is not about Si. It's about using CMOS technologies to make photonic circuits" - John E Bowers #FiO13
At the Optics and Photonics of Disordered Systems I session, vibrant discussion circles were held around new experiments and ideas to tackle the drawbacks of disordered systems. Some of the discussions focused on incorporating quantum dots in the disordered systems or changing the wavefront and the intensity of the light to modulate the physical attributes of the disordered systems. Recent developments point to future applications in light transmission and imaging. In addition, the disordered chaos generated by semiconductor lasers can be put to use, such as in the field of physical random number generation and secure key distribution.
A session on Translational Biophotonics - Focus on Pathology and Diagnostics proved to be of great interest again. In-vivo high-resolution, high contrast images ranging from single organelle, to cancer cells, to blood vessels in brains were on tap for the day. Attendees also heard about how photo-acoustic microscopy (PAM) is playing a major role in this field. Additionally, second harmonic generation (SHG) signals of the tissues and/or confocal fluorescence microscopy are being used for clinical diagnosis, oxygen delivery and consumption in humans can be monitored by NIR and diffuse correlation spectroscopy. A key takeaway from this session was clear: more applications relying on optical techniques will prosper in the near future.
On Monday afternoon, attendees were treated to a special session on the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative, a White House-led initiative that aims to revolutionize our understanding of the human brain. The President’s fiscal year 2014 budget request includes more than $100 million in appropriations for the Initiative ($50 million to DARPA, $40 million to NIH and $20 million to NSF). The session was chaired by Chris Xu (Cornell University) and included speakers from government, industry, and academia. Prem Kumar (DARPA) gave a funding agent’s perspective on the initiative. Darcy Peterka (Columbia University), Doug Kim (Janelia Farms), Changhuei Yang (CalTech) and Mike Szulczewski (Bruker Corp.) rounded out the session. Discussion centered on the great potential for optical imaging to play a big role in the Initiative. Optics can enable non-invasive imaging and potential manipulation at the cellular level. Challenges include scaling up from studying a few neurons to studying a few billion neurons, and dealing with probe light scattering from tissue and causing poor spatial resolution.
The Minorities and Women at OSA Networking Reception was also held on Monday with close to 80 members in attendance. Peter Delfyett from CREOL introduced the guest speaker Jie Qiao (Rochester Institute of Technology). Qiao discussed promoting women leadership in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Entrepreneurship; bridging the gap between Science and Business; and providing a forum to learn, connect and lead. Event attendees included OSA CEO Liz Rogan, OSA President Donna Strickland, OSA Past President Anthony Johnson and other OSA board members.
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Day 3
Tuesday, October 8
Exhibit Hall Opens, Attendees Dig Even Deeper into the Science
The sun may not be shining much this week in Florida, but the science is sure heating things up at FIO!
During the session on “Electron and Molecule Attosecond Dynamics,” attendees heard about extremely fast electron dynamics where N+
, phenylalanine, and noble gas is observed, investigated, and fervently compared with theoretical simulation. In a nutshell, attosecond transient absorption spectroscopy allows the researchers to detect the time evolution of the interference pattern, caused by electrons dancing between different excited states. New methodology of generating isolated attsosecond pulses (such as double optical gating) and exciting technique called “attoclock” were also topics of discussion.
On Tuesday morning, there was a technical session on Optical Atomic Clocks. Speakers from around the world discussed the ever increasing stability of optical frequency standards. As the most accurate clocks in the world, optical lattice clocks have strong potential to become the new standard for the international definition of the second. This session included talks comparing optical clock accuracy to atomic fountain clocks, which form the basis for the current definition of the second. Vladan Vuletic (MIT) ended the session by giving a presentation about all-optical transistors and the future possibility of optical circuits analogs to electronic circuits.
Heard at FIO: @magnes123
brings everything to light
As heard in the session on “Ultrafast X-Ray Spectroscopy in Condensed Matter”: Ultrafast X-Ray spectroscopy is “energetic” in many application fields, including zeptosecond pulse synthesis, attosecond chemistry, coherent control of molecular dynamics, and controlling ferromagnetism. Combing new light sources (X-rays) with established spectroscopic technique (transient grating) brings new insight to the electronic structures of the transition metals. These branches are all emerging fields that broadening our scientific frontiers.
Later a session on “X-Ray Spectroscopy of Complex Systems” there was discussion on how bombarding complex molecules with strong X-ray photons gives researchers not only the fun of destroying the complex molecules but also helps them gain new scientific insight. The interaction between complex molecules and strong X-rays results in an interesting phenomena, such as removal of multiple electrons from clusters or fragmentation of the molecules. These scenarios give us the ability to see the microscopic world in better detail.
Heard at FIO: @efcloos
: The best part of #FiO13
is realizing how interconected the Optics world is. #ItsASmallWorldAfterall #2ndFamily
On Tuesday afternoon, Steven Prawer (University of Melbourne, Australia) delivered a presentation on the remarkable properties of diamonds during the New Technologies for Quantum Information Science session. Research on diamonds with nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects has shown the material’s potential usage for quantum biosensing and retinal implants. Bionic Vision Australia (a national consortium of researchers) have demonstrated using NV diamond to stimulate the retina via electrical pulses and have created a bionic eye prototype that enables impaired sight patients to locate and interpret basic shapes in their environment. This device offers promise to people who have lost their sight due to eye diseases, such as macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa.
Heard at FIO: @benlochocki
: The talk about subretinal implants was stunning #FiO13
At a session on hybrid integrated photonics, several speakers emphasized that hybrid photonics, which is creating photonic devices in multiple materials that are then combined into a single chip, provides flexibility as well as allows one to choose the best materials for each photonic component. The first talk explained how grayscale lithography can be used to make vertical couplers for links to modulators bonded to silicon. It was described how such a material-diverse approach has significant link budget advantages. Second was a presentation on making hybrid photonics more cost-effective, since a large amount of the expense is sunk in the integration and packaging. By creating a "toolbox" of capabilities, such as a photonic lightwave circuit platform and selective placement of individual lasers for pitch and crosstalk flexibility, they can simplify the process of making hybrid photonics. Finally, the third invited talk described the integration of silicon with organic photonic materials and the development of photonic "wire bonds" for chip-to-chip integration. The organic materials allow the functionalization of silicon for light generation and improved modulation. The "wire bonds" allow for simple, flexible, and reliable interconnects between chips, basically creating an analog to the conventional bond wires used for electronics and significantly reducing the need for difficult alignment procedures.
After a day chocked full of science, attendees had their first chance to visit the FIO exhibit hall which featured more than 80 leading optics and photonics companies. Also on the show floor, was the first ever “Enabled by Optics
” event where attendees got to hear firsthand from the CEO of the winning company, Trojan Technology.
Also in the Exhibit Hall was a session on the National Photonics Initiative (NPI) entitled “Making Photonics Innovations a Reality”. There, Elizabeth Rogan (CEO of OSA), Tom Hausken (Senior Adviser to OSA and OIDA), and Jason Eichenholz (Founder of Open Photonics Inc) spoke about the NPI and how the open innovation model illustrates what the success of the NPI could look like – a viable bridge over the valley of death for emerging technologies.
Elizabeth gave an overview of the NPI and the ways industry has already been involved in putting together and defining the NPI. Tom discussed the changing landscape of R&D funding in photonics market. Jason gave an overview of open model innovation. His company, Open Photonics, helps accelerate the commercialization of photonics technologies by facilitating unprecedented collaboration between established companies with channels to market and researchers and inventors who have new ideas about what they want to see commercialized.
Heard at the FIO Exhibit: @babita2phy
: Visited exhibition ...its quite interesting..one must go #FiO13
: First look at the #FiO13
Exhibition & it is buzzing! Looking forward to meeting exhibitors.
Later in the evening, OSA members danced, laughed and ate the night away, “prohibition style” at the OSA member reception. Be sure to check out the videos of members kicking up their heels on Instagram
Heard at the member’s reception: @senelra: @opticalsociety
What happens at the members party stays at the members party ;) #osa #FiO13
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Day 4
Tuesday, October 9
Another Science Filled Day
On Day 4 of FIO, the science and show floor activities showed no signs of slowing.
On Wednesday morning, in the Integrated Quantum Optics session, Alex Clark (University of Sydney, Australia) presented a talk entitled “The Quantum Utility: Comparing Single Photon Sources.” Attendees learned that single photon sources are valuable for areas like quantum metrology, quantum communications, and quantum computing. Clark also discussed a novel technique for modeling nonlinear loss of single photon sources that enable the direct comparison of these sources. This utility could prove to be an important measurement tool for the development of more efficient single photon sources and thus for the advancement of quantum applications.
At the Symposium on Advanced Distributed Optical Fiber Sensor Systems for Security and Safety Applications, attendees heard that distributed sensors can be much more cost effective than point sensors, but a principal challenge for fiber sensors is working with a tradeoff between resolution and total detection length. Some of the solutions presented include breaking the sensors into multiple sections by various means, including using hybrid schemes that utilize some combination of Raman, Brillouin, fiber Bragg grating, or Rayleigh scattering, and employing advanced pulse coding techniques. These fiber sensors can be used for structural defects or stresses (possibly the most mentioned application), intrusion detection (including actual detection of the shape in which a fiber is moved around), or measuring very high plasma currents. Also mentioned during the opening of the panel discussion was that a market estimate predicts a 300% growth for distributed fiber sensors over the period of 2013-2017.
In a session on “Three-Dimensional Optical Structures” nano-scale artistic work was the focus. A myriad of eye-opening 3D structures in nano-scales made by direct laser writing (DLW) were shown to attendees. Structures shown included micrometer-sized parabolic mirror arrays, nano-helix metamaterials, nano-scale chiral composites, black silicon surfaces, and photonic crystals with new patterns. Attendees also heard about new techniques like stimulated-emission-depletion (STED) and “dip in DLW” that are being used to create even finer objects.
Rounding out the day’s highlighted sessions was one on “Ultrafast Chemical Dynamics.” The session featured two interesting fields -- optical science and chemistry – and the ways in which they are closely collaborating. Attendees learned about the exciting ways that the gigantic light source – Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) – is being utilized to study the electron dynamics in complex systems like charge transfer in dye-sensitized semiconductor nanocrystals. A key takeaway from this session: collaboration is key to the advancement of science.
Attendees also had a chance to visit the internationally renowned CREOL, The College of Optics and Photonics at the University of Central Florida. There, participants heard from Dean of CREOL, Bahaa Saleh and also went on a special guided tour of the labs.
Heard at CREOL: @safa704
: Very good news from Prof. B. Saleh in CREOL tour; they've started to offer bachelor's degree in Optics. #fio13
Also on Wednesday was the postdeadline paper session where attendees got to hear the newest breakthroughs in rapidly advancing areas. Only those papers judged to be truly excellent and compelling in their timeliness were accepted.
OSA works hard to equip science educators with the resources necessary to inspire the next generation of scientists. To do this, Science Educators Day (EDAY) was held on Wednesday with nearly 70 local educators and 20 OSA members in attendance. There, David R. Sokoloff discussed Active Learning and had the audience captivated with his fun optics magic tricks. Attendees received goodie bags filled with free educational materials and OSA Foundation donated “Gallileoscopes” for them to use in their schools. Mike McKee (CREOL) also gave the teachers diffraction grating glasses and mugs.
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Day 5
Thursday, October 10
Frontiers in Optics 2013 Wraps Up After Week of Cutting Edge Research, Applications and New Products in Optics and Photonics
Frontiers in Optics concluded in Orlando, Fla. on October 10 after five days of technical sessions, special symposia, tutorials, business programming, exhibits and special events—all highlighting the latest research and applications of optical technologies. Attendees heard presentations from leading experts on hot topics such as biomedical optics, silicon photonics, fiber optics, lasers, hybrid integrated photonics, and more.
The vital role of optics and photonics was evident in the more than 740 technical presentations in eight core areas: Optical Design, Fabrication & Instrumentation, Optical Sciences, Optics in Biology and Medicine, Optics in Information Processing, Fiber Optics & Optical Communications, Integrated Photonics, Quantum Electronics, and Vision and Color, as well as on the exhibit floor at FIO 2013—featuring 80 participating companies—and in the business-focused programming at the Enabled by Optics inaugural event.
Join us again next year in Tucson for Frontiers in Optics 2014, October 19 – 23.