2015 Frederic Ives Medal / Jarus Quinn Prize Recipient - James G. Fujimoto
2015 Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science Recipient - Christopher Monroe
University of Sydney, Australia
Astrophotonics: Future Developments in Astrophysics and Instrumentation
Joss is one of Australia's leading astronomers. He was born in Kent, England, educated in Oxford and Birmingham, before coming to Australia in 1982 to undertake a PhD. In the period 1985-1993, Joss was an astrophysicist at the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii, a Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study Princeton, and a professor of physics at Rice University Texas. In 1993, he returned to work at the Anglo-Australian Observatory, Sydney, eventually to become Head of the research and development team.
In 2007, he moved to the University of Sydney to take up an Australian Federation Fellowship. In 2014, he was awarded an Australian Laureate Fellowship to continue his work in astrophysics and astrophotonics. Today he is the Director of the Sydney Institute of Astronomy and Principal Investigator for the Sydney Astrophotonic Instrumentation Labs.
He has been the recipient of many prizes including the Muhlmann Prize in 2009 (USA) and the Jackson-Gwilt Medal in 2012 (UK). In 2010, Joss was the Merton College Fellow and the Leverhulme Professor at Oxford. In 2012, Joss was elected to the Australian Academy of Science, an august body of Australia's 400 leading scientists, and The Optical Society. He has published 400 refereed papers with 30,000 citations and an h-index of 80.
LIGO and the Coming Dawn of Gravitational Wave Physics and Astronomy
David Reitze holds positions as both the Executive Director of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology and a Professor of Physics at the University of Florida. Based at Caltech, he heads a laboratory of 180 scientists and engineers responsible for the construction and operation of the LIGO interferometers at Hanford WA and Livingston LA.
Upon completing a B.A. in Physics from Northwestern University in 1983, he obtained a Ph. D. in Physics from the University of Texas at Austin in 1990 where his research on ultrafast solid-liquid phase transitions solved a hundred year old problem on the nature of liquid carbon. Since then, he has worked extensively in the fields of ultrafast laser spectroscopy and experimental gravitation-wave detection. From 2007-2011, he served as the Spokesperson of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, a group of almost 1000 scientists who carry out the science program of LIGO.
His current research interests focus on development of precision interferometric methods approaching the zeptometer level and on the search for gravitational waves from astrophysical sources. A Fellow of the American Physical Society and The Optical Society, he has authored nearly 250 refereed publications. Since 2012, one of his main efforts has been directed toward establishing a third LIGO interferometer in India.
OSA and APS will present awards and honors during the Plenary Session.
2015 Frederic Ives Medal / Jarus Quinn Prize Recipient
James G. Fujimoto
Biography: James. G. Fujimoto is a principal investigator in the Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) and Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He received his S.B., S.M., and Ph.D. in EECS from MIT in 1979, 1981, and 1984 respectively. He joined the MIT faculty in 1985 and is currently Elihu Thomson Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT and Adjunct Professor of Ophthalmology at Tufts University School of Medicine.
Fujimoto’s research involves biomedical imaging, optical coherence tomography (OCT), advanced laser technologies and applications in diverse areas including ophthalmology, endoscopy, cancer detection, surgical guidance and developmental biology. The research team was responsible for the invention and development of optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT is now considered a standard of care in ophthalmology with several 10s of million procedures performed per year internationally. The group is continuing research on advanced biomedical imaging and OCT technology, including high-speed and high-resolution imaging, functional Doppler flow and angiography as well as polarization sensitive methods. The group investigates OCT applications in multiple areas including: clinical ophthalmology, endoscopy, small animal imaging, pathology laboratory imaging, developmental biology, neurosciences and genetics. In addition, the group has extensive experience in femtosecond laser technology and ultrafast measurement.
Fujimoto has published over 400 journal articles, is editor or author of 9 books, and holds numerous U.S. patents for his discoveries. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Engineering, National Academy of Science and American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received the 1999 Discover Magazine Award for Technological Innovation, is co-recipient of the 2001 Rank Prize in Optoelectronics, received the 2011 Zeiss Research Award and is co-recipient of the 2012 Champalimaud Vision Award.
2015 Arthur L. Schawlow Prize in Laser Science Recipient
Joint Quantum Institute and University of Maryland, USA
Trapped Ion Quantum Networks with Light
For pioneering research in the use of lasers to realize the elements of quantum information processing with trapped atomic ions, including demonstrations of remote entanglement for quantum communication protocols and use of frequency combs for high-speed qubit manipulation and entanglement.
Abstract: Laser-cooled atomic ions are standards for quantum information science, acting as qubit memories with unsurpassed levels of quantum coherence while also allowing near-perfect measurement. When qubit state-dependent optical dipole forces are applied to a collection of trapped ions, their Coulomb interaction is modulated in a way that allows the entanglement of the qubits through quantum gates that form the basis of a quantum computer. Similar optical forces allow the simulation of quantum many-body physics, where recent experiments are approaching a level of complexity that cannot be modelled with conventional computers. Scaling to much larger numbers of qubits can be accomplished by coupling trapped ion qubits through optical photons, where entanglement over remote distances can be used for quantum communication and large-scale distributed quantum computers. Laser sources and quantum optical techniques are the workhorse for such quantum networks, and will continue to lead the way as future quantum hardware is developed.
Biography: Christopher Monroe is an experimental atomic physicist who specializes in the isolation of individual atoms for studies in quantum physics and applications in quantum information science. After getting his undergraduate degree from MIT, Monroe studied with Carl Wieman at the University of Colorado, earning his PhD in Physics in 1992.
From 1992-2000 he was a postdoc then staff physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, in the group of David Wineland. With Wineland, Monroe led the research team that demonstrated the first quantum logic gate in 1995, and exploited the use of trapped atoms for applications in quantum information science. In 2000, Monroe became Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan, where he pioneered the use of single photons to couple quantum information between atoms and also demonstrated the first electromagnetic atom trap integrated on a semiconductor chip.
From 2006-2007 was the Director of the National Science Foundation Ultrafast Optics Center at the University of Michigan. In 2007 he became the Bice Zorn Professor of Physics at the University of Maryland and a Fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute. In 2008, Monroe's group succeeded in producing quantum entanglement between two widely separated atoms and for the first time teleported quantum information between matter separated by a large distance. Since 2009 his group has investigated the use of ultrafast laser pulses for fast quantum entanglement operations and also pioneered the use of trapped ions for quantum simulations of many-body models related to quantum magnetism.