Call for Papers 2015
FiO 1: Optical Design and Instrumentation
FiO 2: Optical Sciences
FiO 3: Optics in Biology and Medicine
FiO 4: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
FiO 5: Integrated Photonics
FiO 6: Quantum Electronics
FiO 7: Vision and Color
Laser Science Topics
FiO 1: Optical Design and Instrumentation
1.1 General Optical Design, Fabrication, Testing, and Instrumentation
Optical design, fabrication, and testing are essential in developing new optical instruments. Contributions are sought in the area of optical design, aberrations, system analysis, wavefront sensing/correction, diffractive and holographic optical elements and systems, three-dimensional structure design, optical display, and novel optical instruments.
1.2 Coherence, Interference, and Polarization
Coherence and polarization are fundamental properties of light fields which can be utilized and manipulated in optical science and engineering. Submissions are encouraged in coherence, interferometry, applications of interferometers, digital holography, holographic micro- and nano-fabrication methods, 3D holographic microscopy, optical image processing, beam shaping, subwavelength optics, fabrication of diffractive and micro-optical elements, creation and characterization of unconventional polarization states, the interaction of nanostructures with polarized light, polarizing in scattering, and other polarization related subjects.
1.3 Three-Dimensional Optical Structure Design, Fabrication and Nanopatterning
The field of optical materials has been rapidly developing in recent years, promising to deliver new materials with exotic properties generally unattainable in nature. Full exhibition of their properties and functionalities relies on 3-D control of metallic or dielectric structures in the nanoscale. This theme is focused on the design and fabrication of 3D optical materials, integrated optics, and integrated circuits, which may include 3D photonic crystals, 3D metamaterials, and 3D optical circuits. The theme also includes optical nanolithography, EUV lithography, maskless lithography, plasmonic imaging and metamaterials, nanoimprint technology, self-assembly nanopatterning, organic electronic device patterning, lithography for display technology, flexible electronic devices, etc.
1.4 Wavefront Sensing and Adaptive Optics
This theme is intended to promote technical exchange in the sciences and engineering of wavelength sensing and adaptive optics, with broad coverage ranging from theory, algorithm developments, numerical simulations, to hardware implementation and applications. The topics to be covered include but not limited to: aberration theory; orthogonal polynomials in wavefront and aberration analysis, orthogonal polynomials descriptions for optical systems, wavefront sensing techniques, compressive sensing techniques, development and application of adaptive optics enabled imaging techniques, adaptive optical systems and optical instrumentation.
1.5 Freeform Optics
Freeform optics is a rapidly developing field and will have a huge impact on optical systems for both imaging and illumination. This theme will feature recent advances on freeform optics. Contributions are sought in the area of aberration fields of optical systems with freeform surfaces, freeform surface representations, and optical design methods, imaging/illumination systems with freeform surfaces, freeform surface fabrication and testing.
1.6 Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging
This theme will cover theoretical and experimental advances in computation imaging research. Topics include wave-front coding, light field sensing, compressive optical sensing, tomographic imaging, structured illumination imaging, lens-less imaging, ghost imaging, blind deconvolution, point spread function engineering, digital/optical super-resolution, unusual form-factor cameras, synthetic aperture optical systems, development of Image quality analysis/metrics, and computational photography.
1.7 Mobile Imaging and Wearable Imaging Optics
Mobile imaging and wearable Imaging are emerging imaging modalities with rapidly growing applications, both consumer-focused applications and medical applications. This theme provides an international forum for presenting recent research on design and applications of mobile imaging and wearable Imaging. The topics include but not limited to: optical design, wearable optics, secondary optics for mobile phone, image quality, post image processing, consumer-focused applications, and medical application.
1.8 Adolf W. Lohmann Symposium
Contributed papers are encouraged in honor of Adolf W. Lohmann (1925-2013), an OSA Fellow Emeritus known for his contributions to the fields of optical information processing and holography. Topics of particular interest include diffractive optics, digital holography, fractional transformations, phase-space optics, super resolution, temporal optical processing, optical processing with partially coherent light, and "flatland optics."
FiO 2: Optical Sciences
2.1. Laser-plasma-based Secondary Sources (Particle and Light Generation with Laser Plasma)
Laser-driven sources enable intense, compact, ultrafast sources of radiation and particles, whose progress opens new possibilities for applications. Charged particles can be accelerated by wake fields in underdense plasmas, by sheath fields in overdense plasmas, and by radiation pressure. The accelerated particles have been used to produce Thomson and betatron radiation, positrons and neutrons. Direct radiation mechanisms include high harmonic generation in solids and gasses and THz production. Contributions are sought that explore these laser-based sources and their applications.
2.2. Engineered Frequency Combs in Passive and Active Systems
The last few years have seen an array novel and compact comb technologies generated from quantum cascade lasers, direct modulators, and micro combs. These devices are extending spectral coverage and adding new dimensions of rapid re-configurability, scalability and compactness to the field of frequency combs. Submissions are encouraged for source development and possible applications.
2.3. Laser-matter Interaction (Material Processing)
Ultrafast lasers are playing revolutionary roles in material processing and advanced photonics, medical device fabrication. The ultrafast-laser material interaction time is of the same order as the electron-phonon coupling time, therefore it is particularly attractive for cutting or machining brittle materials and for processing medical implants and for delicate surgery. Submissions are encouraged about laser irradiation based material, structural, surface modifications.
2.4. Ultrafast Laser Applications
Ultrafast lasers, including ultrahigh intensity lasers, continue to find a variety of exciting applications in basic and applied research. In addition to the very active area of laser-particle acceleration, the use of such lasers is notable in advanced concepts for laser fusion and X-ray diagnostics, as well as remote sensing by use of laser filamentation. Lower-energy, high repetition rate systems continue to be instrumental to chemistry and materials research, as well as laser-materials processing. Submissions are encouraged in the broad area of ultrafast laser applications in science and industry.
2.5 General Optical Sciences
This theme encompasses a broad range of optical science topics which do not fit in the other specific topics. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are invited, ranging from fundamental to applied research in optical sciences.
FiO 3: Optics in Biology and Medicine
3.1 Fibers and Endoscopes for Biomedical Applications
Fibers are ubiquitous in the field of biomedical engineering and in the study of biological systems – they are used for sensing, imaging, endoscopy, multi-photon microscopy, tissue engineering, tissue ablation, and a host of other technological applications, either as a simple delivery medium, or for complex photonic functionalities enabled by the fiber. This theme will explore new directions in which fibers can enhance the biomedical field. Papers will be considered on novel endoscope designs and fiber devices motivated by biomedical applications, and on proof-of-concept demonstrations of the use of fibers and endoscopes in specific biomedical applications.
3.2 Microscopy and OCT (Joint with FIO 1)
The fields of optical microscopy and optical coherence tomography remain at the forefront of biophotonics and medical optical imaging. The spatial resolution and exquisite sensitivity of these technologies to sources of both endogenous and exogenous contrast, enable scientists to push the boundaries of what is currently known about the structure and function of in-vitro and in-vivo systems. With use of novel superresolution techniques and a wide array of molecular probes and nanostructures, study of single molecules is possible. Advances in light sources and data-acquisition schemes enable real-time microscopy and OCT. Submissions on innovative technology research and the biological and medical applications of microscopy and OCT, are strongly encouraged.
3.3 Optical Trapping and Manipulation
Optics in biological experiments extends far beyond imaging and can be used to exert forces, change chemistry and alter biological function in cells and molecules. Combined with microscopy and other measurement techniques, these advances in optical trapping and manipulation enable new biological experiments. Optical trapping is an established method for study of single-cell behavior in solution, but recent developments extend the applications and capabilities of this technique. Other optical innovations enable novel manipulations and measurements in cultured cells and in vitro experiments. Submissions on novel techniques and combinations of methods that yield new biological experimental capabilities are highly encouraged.
3.4 Biophotonics for Point-of-Care and Global Health Applications
The combination of inexpensive optical technologies with mobile phones, optofluidics, and/or microfluidics has led to novel technologies for biotechnology and medical applications. The potential to use these platforms for on-site diagnostic tests at the bedside or in resource-poor areas across the globe is considerable. In addition, the growth in microfluidic/lab-on-a-chip technologies enables development of novel combined optical/microfluidic approaches to achieve point-of-care diagnostics. Additional applications of these advances are high-throughput research and clinical screening tools. Submissions on innovative optical technologies and methodologies that are deployable, robust, scalable or applicable to resource-poor environments and/or the biotech industry are strongly encouraged.
3.5 Novel Methods for Tissue Imaging and Therapy
Due to the interdisciplinary nature of biophotonics research projects, technologies and methodologies from both biology and optics are being combined to yield groundbreaking findings. This is a broad theme related to tissue and in vivo imaging, spectroscopy, therapy and a range of light-tissue interactions. As evidenced by the increasing number of high-profile journals that describe experimental methods and protocols, there is a clear growing demand for dissemination of innovative, unique methods to the scientific community. Submissions that are designed to disseminate details on innovative methods, analyze system capabilities and illustrate potential applications are strongly encouraged.
3.6 General Optics in Biology and Medicine
The pace of innovation in the application of optics to biology and medicine rapidly generates new technologies and opportunities. Broadly applicable submissions or topics that extend beyond the existing themes should submit to this theme.
FiO 4: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
4.1 Emerging Technologies for High Speed Optical Communications
This theme will cover enabling technologies for high-speed optical communication systems using single-mode fibers, multi-core fibers, and multi-mode fibers, including transport fibers, amplifiers, switches, and signal processing technologies. Of particular interest are enabling components and fiber designs for multi-mode transmission, novel encoding schemes (i.e., OAM), transmission in unconventional bands, and novel architectures and components for data center applications.
4.2 Optical Fiber Sensors
This theme covers advanced fiber optics sensing techniques including discrete (FBG based), distributed, and hybrid sensor systems based on conventional and specialty fibers, including photonic crystal fibers and multi-core. Contributions will be considered ranging from new basic physical effects to be exploited for sensing physical, chemical, and biological parameters to practical applications of fiber optic sensors as an enabling technology to develop smart systems in variety of applications such as strategic industrial sectors such as energy production, oil & gas monitoring, transportation, security, and structural health monitoring. Of particular interest are optical fiber sensors able to survive harsh environments.
4.3 Novel Light Generation and Manipulation in Fiber Devices
This theme covers a comprehensive list of topics related to the generation, manipulation, and delivery of light using optical fibers. Particular topics of interest include: fiber-based generation and delivery entangled photons, optical frequency combs, and THz waves; nonlinear frequency conversion including design and fabrication of specialty fibers; and other nonlinear effects in optical fibers.
4.4 Fibers for Biomedical Applications (Joint with FiO 3)
Fibers are ubiquitous in the field of biomedical engineering and in the study of biological systems – they are used for sensing, imaging, endoscopy, multi-photon microscopy, tissue engineering, tissue ablation, and a host of other technological applications, either as a simple delivery medium, or for complex photonic functionalities enabled by the fiber. This theme will explore new directions in which fibers can enhance the biomedical field. Papers will be considered on both novel fiber structures, as well as fiber devices and lasers motivated by biomedical applications, and on proof-of-concept demonstrations of the use of fibers in specific biomedical applications.
4.5 Novel Materials and Design for Optical Fibers
This theme will be devoted to optical fiber exhibiting enhanced and unusual properties that arise from novel designs, novel materials, or combinations of both. Particular topics of interest include: fibers with structured cladding, fibers with longitudinally-varying properties, crystalline and polycrystalline optical fibers (oxide and semiconductor), novel glass compositions that cannot be made via conventional vapor deposition (e.g., MCVD, OVD, VAD) processes, and multi-material fibers.
4.6 Raman Fiber Lasers and Their Applications
Stimulated Raman scattering has become important as a method for wideband amplification and reaching lasing bands that cannot be achieved with ionic transitions, and is useful in a number of applications (e.g. CARS). Contributions will be considered on novel fibers for enhanced Raman gain, Raman fiber laser and amplifier architectures (e.g., cascaded Raman, cladding pumping, etc.), and specific applications using Raman fiber lasers.
4.7 General Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
Topics which do not fit in well with the other specific themes should be submitted to this theme.
FiO 5: Integrated Photonics
5.1: Waveguide Integrated Optics
Waveguide integrated optics involves the control of light analogous to integrated circuits in electronics. Processing and routing of data in the optical domain can offer advantages compared to electronic solutions, especially at increasing data rates. This theme welcomes submissions based on planar optical waveguides including modulators, switches, couplers, resonators, filters, and nonlinear optics in a waveguide platform. The application space includes, but is not limited to, the areas of highly integrated photonics for communications, optical interconnects, and optical signal processing.
5.2: Silicon Photonics
Silicon has emerged as an important material for photonic devices and integration, offering advantages such as reduced footprint and power consumption, wide functionality, and the possibility of integration with electronics. This theme involves micro and nanophotonics in the silicon material system. Submissions are encouraged in the areas of passive and active devices, components and circuits, modeling and simulation, fabrication processes and techniques, and applications such as optical interconnects and biological sensing.
5.3: Hybrid Integration
Hybrid integrated photonics involving several material systems aim to achieve unique or optimized functionalities that are challenging to obtain from any single material system. This theme focuses on novel integrated photonic devices and circuits consisting of dissimilar components or material platforms. Contributions are sought in the areas of optical gain/absorption integrated devices, III-V on silicon, ferroelectrics on silicon, integrated photonics incorporating graphene, organic/inorganic devices, and hybrid integration for on-chip non-reciprocal devices.
5.4: Photonic Crystals
Integrated photonics based on photonic crystals harness the dispersion engineered properties of periodic dielectric structures. Submissions are sought that cover the science and engineering of photonic crystal structures for photon emission, propagation, amplification, storage, and light-matter interactions.
5.5: Strongly Confined and Nanoscale Guided-wave Devices
Waveguides formed in very high index contrast and metal-dielectric material platforms can support strongly confined optical modes with sub-micron transverse dimensions for dense integration and enhanced linear and nonlinear effects. This theme focuses on optical guided wave interactions with free-metal electrons, nanowires, nanotubes, and nanostructures for integrated photonic devices and circuits.
5.6: Surface Plasmons
Waves supported at metal-dielectric interfaces can be used for the manipulation of electromagnetic fields on sub-wavelength length scales as well as for the enhancement of linear and nonlinear effects. This theme focuses on surface plasmon structures for enhanced optical scattering, light-matter interactions, and surface wave control.
5.7: General Integrated Photonics
The subcommittee on integrated photonics encompasses the science and engineering of optical guided waves in highly integrated devices, components, circuits, and systems. Contributions that convey innovations in theory, design, numerical modeling and simulation, materials, fabrication, test and measurement, and applications are encouraged.
FiO 6: Quantum Electronics
6.1 Integrated Quantum Optics
Topics include: waveguides, couplers, interferometers, phase control, gates, etc.; sources: heralded (SPDC, SFWM, etc.) & triggered (single quantum emitter); single photon detectors, number resolving detectors, state tomography; circuit QED, various other integration schemes; implementation of algorithms using circuits; feedback and error control, quantum plasmonics..
6.2 Quantum Communications
Topics covered include: experimental and theoretical reports ranging in subject from enabling technologies such as detectors and sources to implementations of light-based quantum-information processing and communication protocols. This theme will also accept fundamental studies on non-classical aspects of light.
6.3 Quantum Optical Measurement and Quantum Technologies
Topics covering theoretical development and experimental implementation of qubits and quantum gates using optical, semiconductor, atomic, superconducting, and hybrid environments are invited. Special emphasis will be given to fresh creative ideas targeting quantum information techniques and applications such as quantum metrology and sensors, quantum communication and networking.
6.4 Nonlinear Optics in Micro/Nano-Optical Structures (Joint with FiO 5)
Papers are invited on optics in frequency (up/down) conversion, including infrared and ultraviolet generation, nonlinear devices (for applications such as switching, modulation, memories and logic), nonlinear optics in waveguides and resonators, including frequency combs, nonlinear optics in metamaterials, and optomechanics.
6.5 Optics and Photonics of Disordered Systems
Papers are invited on random lasers and control, localization, electrically-pumped random lasers, optical forces, aperiodic structures, transmission, focusing and imaging through random media, bio-photonic applications of random media, quasi-crystals, topologically protected transmission and disorder tolerant structures, and symmetry and optical nonreciprocity in photonic structures.
6.6 General Quantum Electronics
This is a broad theme related to laser physics, quantum mechanics, and light-matter interactions. This includes, but is not limited to, the following specific fields: quantum optics, nonlinear optics, meta-materials, random media, micro cavity design, and laser science and engineering. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.
FiO 7: Vision and Color
7.1 The Use of Animal Eyes to Study Human Vision
Rodent and primate eyes and visual systems are increasingly being used to gain insight that can be transferred to knowledge about the human eye. This is highly beneficial in many ways but also poses challenges as the animal eyes, retinas, and visual systems differ from that of human eyes and vision. Contributions are solicited on the analysis of animal eyes and visual systems and on how the information gained may be transferred to understand details about the human eye and visual system.
7.2 Retinal Imaging, Analysis and Vasculature in Healthy and Diseased Eyes
The retina is the image-capturing element of the eye and it has, in addition to photoreceptor rods and cones, a number of other cells that support the process of vision. A number of eye diseases perturb the healthy structure and functioning of the retina such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. Contributions are sought on imaging and analysis of the retina and vasculature in both healthy eyes and in eyes impaired with retinal disease.
7.3 Applications of Visual Science and Physiological Optics
The use of optical technologies to analyze the eye and vision is essential to understand the detailed mechanisms of vision in both healthy eyes and eyes with visual impairments. Temporal dynamics of the eye, accommodation, saccades, aberrations, scattering, brightness and color all play crucial roles. Contributions are sought on methods that explore the use of light to examine the eye and visual system and may include, but are not limited to, eye and retinal modeling, vision modeling, retinal implants, color vision, and intraocular scattering.
7.4 Advances in Ocular Biometry and Studies of the Anterior Eye
The cornea is the main refractive element of the eye supplemented by the crystalline lens that provides accommodation in the young eye. Determination and correction of refractive errors is essential to ensure accurate vision in otherwise healthy eyes. This ranges from the use of glasses and contact lenses to refractive surgery, implantation of intraocular lenses and the use of corneal inlays. Contributions are sought that address determination or correction of refractive errors, wavefront sensing of ocular aberrations, intraocular lenses and corneal implants, accommodation and presbyopia, as well as corneal and lens structure, functioning and mechanics.
Laser Science Categories
1. Accelerating Wavepackets in Optics and Beyond
Recent years have shown a growing interest in shaping of unconventional optical wavepackets and their applications. These include vortex beams carrying an integer topological charge and accelerating beams that are self-bending along caustics in free space. Acceleration of optical wavepackets in space or time, as first proposed and observed in 2007, have been used by now in diverse fields such as microscopy, particle manipulation, optofluidics, micromachining, and more. The past two years have shown these ideas penetrating to other light sciences like plasmonics and nanophotonics, and other wave systems in nature, describing acoustic waves, light in general relativity, matter waves, and coherent electron beams, which is where the idea first appeared in 1979.
2. Innovative Metallic-Emitter Coupled Systems
The emerging field of metallic nano- and micro-structures coupled to light emitters provides a unique platform to study fundamental light-matter interactions. This session aims to explore the variety of new and novel hybrid systems, including optical antennas coupled to emitters, active meta-materials, quantum meta-photonics, meta-surfaces, plasmonics, superconducting plasmonics, and superconductor/semiconductor structures.
3. Semiconductor Nanooptics
Low-dimensional and nanostructured optoelectronic and photonic systems enable a broad spectrum of optics in basic science. In particular, ultrafast nonlinear kinetics such as coherent effects, spin and terahertz phenomena are explored in hybrid, and semiconducting systems including van-der-Waals-bonded structures and transfer phenomena at internal interfaces. Beyond classical approaches, ultrafast laser-based electron spectroscopies including imaging and diffraction techniques and solid state quantum optics are of particular interest.
4. Novel Fiber Lasers
Recent advances in fiber laser technology have witnessed rapid advances in laser technology. Advances in fiber technology and laser design have enabled these new lasers. Topics including narrow linewidth fiber lasers, high power fiber lasers, novel femtosecond fiber lasers, and fiber lasers operating at new wavelengths will be discussed.
5. Computational Optical Imaging
Computational optical imaging combines advanced signal processing, with modern optical designs and digital sensors, to enable imaging capabilities beyond traditional methods. The application of computational imaging spans from biomedical, industrial to defense and security applications. This LS session encourages all research in computational imaging, from new system designs to computational processing techniques. Representative topics include compressive sensing, 3D imaging, computational illumination, light field and tomographic imaging, phase imaging, coded aperture imaging, point spread function engineering, digital and optical super resolution, and computational spectroscopy.
6. Nonlinear and Spectroscopic Imaging
Nonlinear and spectroscopic imaging systems convert spatial variations in optical properties into useful imaging contrast. This theme will cover techniques such as hyperspectral, Raman, photoacoustic, multiphoton, and transient absorption imaging, with a broad range of applications from remote sensing and nanomaterials to biology and medicine.
7. Precision Laser Spectroscopy
Precision spectroscopy has historically been at the forefront of many of the physical discoveries of the 20th
century. Now, in addition to numerous technological applications, laser spectroscopy remains a powerful tool to test our best physical theories. For this session, the topics of interest include, but are not limited to, spectroscopy of simple atoms, frequency comb generation, spectroscopy of exotic atoms, optical atomic clocks, astronomical spectroscopy, spectroscopy of Rydberg atoms and the application of precision laser spectroscopy to tests of fundamental physics.
8. Light propagation in Scattering Media
When light propagates in random scattering media the amplitude and phase of the propagating light becomes randomized. This randomization of the field obscures objects and distorts light beams, rendering objects hidden in scattering media. Recent advances have led the exploitation of complex light scattering as a complex optical element – opening the ability to image with a scattering medium with high spatial resolution and to control light focusing and imaging through scattering media. Experimental and theoretical advances in our understanding, control, and exploitation of light propagation in scattering media are sought.
9. General Laser Science
This is a broad theme related to laser science. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.