Technical Conference:
17–21 September 2017
19–20 September 2017

2016 Submission Categories


FiO 1: Optical Design and Instrumentation
FiO 2: Optical Sciences
FiO 3: Optics in Biology and Medicine
FiO 4: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
FiO 5: Integrated Photonics
FiO 6: Quantum Electronics
FiO 7: Vision and Color
Laser Science Topics

FiO 1: Optical Design and Instrumentation

1.1 Optical Design and Instrumentation
This theme encompasses a broad range of subjects from general optical/illumination design to the design fabrication, and testing of novel optical instruments. Topics include aberration theory, tolerancing, the desensitization of designs for cost reduction, diffractive optics, beam shaping, and system design and analysis. Freeform optics is a rapidly developing field and will have a huge impact on future imaging and illumination systems. Contributions are also sought in the area of aberration fields of optical systems with freeform surfaces, freeform surface representations, and optical design methods for imaging/illumination systems with freeform surfaces.

1.2 Optical Fabrication and Testing
Optical fabrication and testing covers all aspects of optics fabrication and testing ranging from micro-optics to large optics, and from high-value one-of-a-kind optics to mass-produced optics. OF&T emphasizes new ideas and concepts in fabrication and testing of micro-optics, the fabrication and testing of aspheric, conformal and freeform optics, fabrication of optics from novel materials, and finishing science.
1.3 Optics in Consumer Electronics

Advances in optics have been essential to enable the rapid development of emerging consumer products. This theme will bring together researchers, engineers and industrial leaders involved in wearable technology, vehicle displays, 3D imaging and sensing. The topics include augmented reality, virtual reality, depth imaging and 3D sensing, light field imaging and display, head-up display, user interface technology, novel display and camera applications.
1.4 Coherence, Interference, and Polarization
Coherence and polarization are fundamental properties of light fields which can be utilized and manipulated in optical science and engineering. Submissions are encouraged in coherence, interferometry, applications of interferometers, digital holography, holographic micro- and nano-fabrication methods, 3D holographic microscopy, optical image processing, beam shaping, subwavelength optics, fabrication of diffractive and micro-optical elements, creation, characterization and application of unconventional polarization states, the interaction of nanostructures with polarized light, polarizing in scattering, and other polarization related subjects.
1.5 Three-Dimensional Optical Structure Design, Fabrication and Nanopatterning
The field of optical materials has been rapidly developing in recent years, promising to deliver new materials with exotic properties generally unattainable in nature. Full exhibition of their properties and functionalities relies on 3-D control of metallic and/or dielectric structures in the nanoscale. This theme focuses on the design and fabrication of 3D optical materials (including but not limited to 3D photonic crystals and 3D metamaterials) and 3D photonic integrated optics.  The theme also includes optical nanolithography, EUV lithography, maskless lithography, plasmonic imaging and metamaterials, nanoimprint technology, self-assembly nanopatterning, organic electronic device patterning, lithography for display technology, flexible electronic devices, etc.
1.6 Wavefront Sensing and Adaptive Optics
This theme is intended to promote technical exchange in the sciences and engineering of wavelength sensing and adaptive optics, with broad coverage ranging from theory, algorithm developments, numerical simulations, to hardware implementation and applications. The topics to be covered include but are not limited to: aberration theory; orthogonal polynomials in wavefront and aberration analysis, orthogonal polynomials descriptions for optical systems, wavefront sensing techniques, compressive sensing techniques, development and application of adaptive optics enabled imaging techniques, adaptive optical systems and optical instrumentation. 
1.7 Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging 
This theme will cover theoretical and experimental advances in computation imaging research. Topics in this themes include wave-front coding, light field sensing, compressive optical sensing, tomographic imaging, structured illumination imaging, lens-less imaging, ghost imaging, blind deconvolution, point spread function engineering, digital/optical super-resolution, unusual form-factor cameras, synthetic aperture optical systems, development of Image quality analysis/metrics, and computational photography. 

FiO 2: Optical Sciences

2.1 Laser-Plasma Based Acceleration and Light Sources
Laser-plasma accelerators enable intense, compact, ultrafast sources of charged particles and electromagnetic radiation, opening new possibilities for scientific, medical, industrial, security, and other applications.  Charged particles are accelerated by wakefields in underdense plasmas, by sheathfields in overdense plasmas, and by radiation pressure. The accelerated electrons have been used to date to produce positrons, neutrons and electromagnetic radiation in various ways, which is also produced by direct mechanisms, such as high harmonic generation in solids and gases and THz production from solids. Contributions are sought that explore these laser-based radiation sources and their applications.
2.2 Frequency Combs, High-Harmonic Generation, and Attoscience
New frontiers in temporal resolution and spectral coverage are opened by precise control of optical pulses. High harmonic generation (HHG) in solids and gasses produces intense bursts of UV and XUV light. Attosecond sources including HHG are enabling applications such as molecular dynamics with unprecedented time resolution. Comb technologies include novel fiber systems, high power solid-state devices, comb generation from quantum cascade lasers, direct modulators, and micro combs. These devices are extending spectral coverage and adding new dimensions of rapid re-configurability, scalability and compactness to the field of frequency combs. Submissions are encouraged for source development and possible applications.
2.3 Laser-Matter Interaction (Material Processing and Fabrication)
Ultrafast lasers are playing revolutionary roles in material processing and finding new applications in areas such as advanced optics, photonics and medical device fabrication. The ultrafast-laser material interaction time is of the same order as the electron-phonon coupling time, therefore it is particularly attractive for investigating light-matter interactions, as well as for cutting, polishing, welding or machining brittle, hard, or additively manufactured materials, for processing medical implants and for delicate surgery. Submissions are encouraged about fundamental and applied aspects of laser irradiation-based material, structural, and surface modification.
2.4 Ultrafast Lasers and Applications
Ultrafast lasers are being developed to achieve high-average-power trains of ultrashort pulses or single-shot systems for extremely high intensities approaching 1024 W/cm2. These advances are leading to exciting applications in basic and applied research. In addition to the very active area of laser-particle acceleration, the use of such lasers is notable in advanced concepts for laser fusion, THz generation and X-ray diagnostics, as well as remote sensing by use of laser filamentation. Lower-energy, high repetition rate systems continue to be instrumental to chemistry and materials research, as well as laser-materials processing. Submissions are encouraged in the broad area of ultrafast laser technologies, system design and applications in science and industry.
2.5 Exotic States of Light
This theme encompasses states of light with features that make them fundamentally unique. Examples include: wavefields with orbital angular momentum, novel solutions of the wave equation, tailored-shaped beams and optical fields with polarization or phase singularities. Submissions are encouraged on progress in this theme and the development of applications related to these states of light.
2.6 General Optical Sciences
This theme encompasses a broad range of optical science topics which do not fit in the other specific topics. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are invited, ranging from fundamental to applied research in optical sciences.

FiO 3: Optics in Biology and Medicine

3.1 Microscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography (special event marking 25 years of OCT)
The fields of optical microscopy and optical coherence tomography remain at the forefront of biophotonics and medical optical imaging. The spatial resolution and exquisite sensitivity of these technologies to sources of both endogenous and exogenous contrast, enable scientists to push the boundaries of what is currently known about the structure and function of in-vitro and in-vivo systems. With use of novel superresolution techniques and a wide array of molecular probes and nanostructures, study of single molecules is possible. Advances in light sources and data-acquisition schemes enable real-time microscopy and OCT. Submissions on innovative technology research and the biological and medical applications of microscopy and OCT, are strongly encouraged.

3.2 Diffuse Optics, Molecular Imaging and Hybrid Optical and Acoustic Methodologies
Optical imaging in scattering tissues provides the potential to image optical contrast deep within tissues such as the human brain and breast, but requires sophisticated models of light propagation to interpret and reconstruct imaging data. Molecular imaging refers to the use of contrast agents to target optical contrast, often fluorophores, with molecular specificity. Molecular imaging in small animals can be used for cancer and pharmaceutical research. Diffuse optics techniques can provide improved deep-tissue imaging of molecular contrast agents, although molecular imaging can also be performed in superficial tissues. Hybrid techniques include the combination of ultrasound and diffuse optics principles, either as photo-acoustics or acousto-optics. These techniques can overcome some of the effects of light scattering by exploiting the linear propagation of ultrasound through optically scattering tissues. Submissions on innovative technologies and applications in these areas are encouraged for this theme.  

3.3 Optical Spectroscopy in Biomedicine
Optical spectroscopy can yield highly specific molecular information, not just molecular identity but the local chemical and physical environment and binding of molecules. Mechanisms can include absorption, fluorescence including lifetime, phosphorescence and non-linear interactions. Rayleigh and Raman scattering provide further information about the shape and molecular properties of living tissues. These spectral signatures could reveal disease at its earliest stages, yet harnessing accurate and repeatable markers of disease in complex tissues and diseases requires a range of imaging, measurement and analytical approaches. This topic encourages submissions in all areas related to biomedical spectroscopy. 

3.4 Novel Fiber-optics and Endoscopic Methodologies
Fibers are ubiquitous in the field of biomedical engineering and in the study of biological systems – they are used for sensing, imaging, endoscopy, multi-photon microscopy, tissue engineering, tissue ablation, and a host of other technological applications, either as a simple delivery medium, or for complex photonic functionalities enabled by the fiber. This theme will explore new directions in which fibers can enhance the biomedical field. The theme also encompasses novel approaches to optical biopsy, in-situ microscopy, laparoscopy and endoscopy for clinical, pre-clinical and research applications. Papers will be considered on novel endoscope designs and fiber devices motivated by biomedical applications, and on proof-of-concept demonstrations of the use of fibers and endoscopes in specific biomedical applications.

3.5 Optical Trapping and Manipulation
Optics in biological experiments extends far beyond imaging and can be used to exert forces, change chemistry and alter biological function in cells and molecules. Combined with microscopy and other measurement techniques, these advances in optical trapping and manipulation enable new biological experiments. Optical trapping is an established method for study of single-cell behavior in solution, but recent developments extend the applications and capabilities of this technique. Other optical innovations enable novel manipulations and measurements in cultured cells and in vitro experiments. Submissions on novel techniques and combinations of methods that yield new biological experimental capabilities are highly encouraged.

3.6 Photoactivation, Phototherapy and Light Interactions
Light interactions can mediate conformational changes in molecules and stimulate reactions that can have benefits for biomedicine. Phototherapy is an established technique that uses light to mediate the destruction of cancer cells, while agents such as gold nanoshells can be combined with light for photothermal therapy. More recently, optogenetics has utilized similar properties of light to activate specific channels in cells to enable the control, stimulation and inhibition of cellular activity. This topic will cover areas in which light-tissue interactions are developed and exploited for pre-clinical research and clinical, therapeutic applications.

7.5 Optical Technologies in Neuroscience (Joint with FiO 7)

FiO 4: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

4.1 High Capacity Optical Communications and Data Centers
This theme will cover enabling technologies for high-capacity telecom and datacom optical communication systems. Of particular interest are enabling components and fiber designs for multi-mode transmission (e.g., multi-core fibers, and multi-mode fibers), novel encoding schemes (i.e., OAM, Nyquist pulses / spectrum shaped modulation, super-channel and multi-carrier transmission techniques), transmission in unconventional bands, DSP for optical transmission systems; linear and nonlinear impairments compensation and mitigation, including transport fibers, muxes & demuxes, amplifiers, switches, and signal processing technologies; data center optical-source banks and power consumption, source & receiver packing density, multimode & single-mode fiber transmission over data-center distances, and novel architectures and components for data-center applications.
4.2 Optical Fiber Sensors
This theme covers discrete, distributed and hybrid optical fiber sensors based on conventional and specialty fibers, including photonic crystal, polymer, and multi-core fibers.  Of particular interest are optical fiber sensors for monitoring harsh environments in oil & gas, power generation, aerospace, and nuclear applications.  Contributions will be considered ranging from new concepts for photonic sensing of physical, chemical, and biological parameters to practical applications of fiber optic sensors as an enabling technology to develop smart systems in a variety of applications, including structural health monitoring, transportation, security, and biomedical sensing.  Also of particular interest are integrated fiber optic sensor units using on-chip or lab-on-fiber technology.
4.3 Novel Light Generation and Manipulation in Fiber Devices
This theme covers the generation, manipulation, and delivery of light using optical fibers, ranging from fundamental physical processes to design and fabrication specialty fibers to performance results.  Particular topics of interest include: fiber-based generation and delivery of entangled photons, optical frequency combs, and THz waves; nonlinear frequency conversion, particularly to mid- and far-infrared and UV bands; ultra-fast dynamics and rogue wave generation and control; and other nonlinear effects in optical fibers.
4.4 Quantum Communications
This theme focuses on the use of standard and novel fibers in the creation, manipulation transformation, and teleportation of quantum states of light. Topics considered include the transmission of single and entangled photon states over free-space and fiber-optic links; entanglement measurement and decoherence; low-overhead correction codes; quantum key distribution systems; and implementation of quantum protocols. Contributions to hybrid optical quantum devices for storage, regeneration, retrieval, and exchange of quantum information are also sought with application to high capacity quantum networking, secure transmission, and quantum sensing.
4.5 Optical Fibers for Space Projects
Optical fibers and fiber-based components are becoming important technologies in several space-based projects due to their advantages for communication and sensing. Contributions will be considered for fiber technologies relevant to applications in astrophotonics, including radiation effects on active and passive optical fiber components and systems to qualify technologies initially developed for terrestrial applications for space projects. Of particular interest are radiation effects on optical fibers, fiber amplifiers, fiber optic sensors, and fiber optic gyroscopes.
4.6 High Power Fiber Lasers and Beam Combining
This theme covers multi-kilowatt class continuous-wave fiber lasers suitable for beam combining.  Topics of interest include novel fiber designs and techniques for mitigating optical and thermo-optical nonlinearities, including stimulated Brillouin scattering, self-phase modulation, and transverse mode instability.  Contributions are also sought for efficient beam combination of five or more high-power fiber lasers using either coherent (tiled or filled aperture) combining or spectral combining.
4.7 General Fiber Optics and Optical Communications
The subcommittee on fiber optics and optical communications encompasses the science and engineering of optical fibers for use in sources, components, systems, and applications.  Contributions that convey innovations in theory, design, modeling and simulation, materials, fabrication, test and measurement, lasers, systems, and applications are encouraged that do not fit within the above-mentioned specific themes. 

FiO 5: Integrated Photonics

5.1 Silicon Photonics
Silicon has emerged as an important material for photonic devices and integration, offering advantages such as reduced footprint and power consumption, wide functionality, and the possibility of integration with electronics.  This theme involves micro and nanophotonics in the silicon material system.  Submissions are encouraged in the areas of passive and active devices, components and circuits, modeling and simulation, fabrication processes and techniques, and applications such as optical interconnects and biological sensing.

5.2 Hybrid Integration
Hybrid integrated photonics involving several material systems aim to achieve unique or optimized functionalities that are challenging to obtain from any single material system.  This theme focuses on novel integrated photonic devices and circuits consisting of dissimilar components or material platforms.  Contributions are sought in the areas of optical gain/absorption integrated devices, III-V on silicon, ferroelectrics on silicon, integrated photonics incorporating graphene, organic/inorganic devices, and hybrid integration for on-chip non-reciprocal devices.

5.3 Strongly Confined Nanoscale Waveguide and Resonator Devices
 Devices formed in high index contrast material platforms support strongly confined optical modes with sub-micron transverse dimensions for dense integration and strongly enhanced linear and nonlinear effects. This topic focuses on photonic crystals, nanocavities, nanowires, nanotubes and nanostructures for integrated photonic devices and circuits.

5.4 Plasmonics
Waves supported at metal-dielectric interfaces can be used for the manipulation of electromagnetic fields on sub-wavelength length scales as well as for the enhancement of linear and nonlinear effects.  This theme focuses on surface plasmon structures for enhanced optical scattering, modulators, detectors, light-matter interactions, and surface wave control.

5.5 Integrated Nonlinear Optics
Nonlinear optical devices and circuits enable the generation, manipulation and processing of optical signals. This topic is focused on the integrated photonics platforms, devices and circuits used to realize nonlinear optical functionalities. Submissions of interest include, frequency conversion, comb generation, all-optical signal processing and strong light-matter interactions in waveguide integrated devices.

5.6 Mid-Infrared Integrated Photonics
The mid-infrared spectral region has a wide range of applications in spectroscopy, free-space optical communications, and chemical/bio-sensing.  This topic is focused on integrated photonic devices, circuits and platforms in the mid-infrared. Submissions of interest include mid-infrared laser sources, frequency combs, plasmonic/metamaterial devices, waveguides, detectors, sensors and applications.

5.7 General Integrated Photonics
This is a broad topic related to the science and engineering of optical guided waves in highly integrated devices, components, circuits, and systems.  Contributions that convey innovations in theory, design, numerical modeling and simulation, materials, fabrication, test and measurement, and applications are encouraged. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific topics.

FiO 6: Quantum Electronics

6.1 Integrated Quantum Optics
Topics include: waveguides, couplers, interferometers, phase control, gates, etc.; sources: heralded (SPDC, SFWM, etc.) & triggered (single quantum emitter); single photon detectors, number resolving detectors, state tomography; circuit QED, various other integration schemes; implementation of algorithms using circuits; feedback and error control, quantum plasmonics.

6.2 Quantum Communication and Networking
Topics covered include: experimental and theoretical reports ranging in subject from enabling technologies such as detectors and sources to implementations of light-based quantum-information processing and communication protocols. This theme will also accept fundamental studies on non-classical aspects of light.

6.3 Quantum Optical Measurement and Quantum Technologies
Topics covering theoretical development and experimental implementation of qubits and quantum gates using optical, semiconductor, atomic, superconducting, and hybrid environments are invited. Special emphasis will be given to fresh creative ideas targeting quantum information techniques and applications such as quantum metrology and sensors, quantum communication and networking.

6.4 Nonlinear Optics in Micro/Nano-Optical Structures
Papers are invited on optics in frequency (up/down) conversion, including infrared and ultraviolet generation, nonlinear devices (for applications such as switching, modulation, memories and logic), nonlinear optics in waveguides and resonators, including frequency combs, nonlinear optics in metamaterials, and optomechanics.

6.5 Optics and Photonics of Disordered Systems
Papers are invited on random lasers and control, localization, electrically-pumped random lasers, optical forces, aperiodic structures, transmission, focusing and imaging through random media, bio-photonic applications of random media, quasi-crystals, topologically protected transmission and disorder tolerant structures, and symmetry and optical nonreciprocity in photonic structures.

6.6 General Quantum Electronics
This is a broad theme related to laser physics, quantum mechanics, and light-matter interactions. This includes, but is not limited to, the following specific fields: quantum optics, nonlinear optics, meta-materials, random media, micro cavity design, and laser science and engineering. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.

FiO 7: Vision and Color

7.1 Novel Design Concepts for Eye Correction and Vision Simulators
Refractive errors and presbyopia affect a large proportion of the population, requiring corrections in the form of ophthalmic corrections, contact lenses, intraocular lenses or corneal surgical corrections.  The session will cover novel approaches to the optical design of eye corrections as well as vision simulators, such as adaptive optics based instruments, aiming at providing the visual experience of new corrections to patients.
7.2 Understanding Myopia Development
Myopia affects 25% of the population in western countries and over 90% in Asian countries.  Why the tuning of the optical power of the cornea and lens and the axial growth of the eye is disrupted in myopia is not well understood.  Studies in animal models of myopia and epidemiological studies help understanding the roles of accommodation, ambient light exposure,  ocular morphology and potential myopia control treatments in the development of myopia. The session will present an update on current understanding of the factors involved in the development of myopia and how this knowledge drives new treatment alternatives.
7.3 Probing Ocular Biomechanics with Imaging Technologies
Quantifying the biomechanical properties of ocular tissue in vivo has important diagnostic applications in ophthalmology, and will help to improve the predictability of treatments that rely on the mechanical response of the eye.  The session will address novel imaging technologies which, in combination with mechanical models, aim at retrieving the inherent mechanical parameters of ocular tissue. Techniques include, but are not limited to, optical elastography, phase-sensitive optical coherence tomography vibrography, air-puff corneal deformation imaging, Brillouin microscopy.
7.4 Novel Applications of Femtosecond Lasers in Ophthalmology
Femtosecond lasers have become an invaluable tool, both in investigating the ultrastructure of ocular tissue through multiphoton imaging techniques and as a therapeutic tool in cornea and crystalline lens surgery.  The session will cover applications of femtosecond lasers in multiphoton fundus imaging, collagen arrangement using second harmonic generation in the cornea as well as uses of femtosecond lasers for corneal tissue removal and refractive index modification in corneal refractive surgery, as well as in cataract and crystalline lens surgery
7.5 Optical Technologies in Neuroscience (Joint with FiO 3)
The recent BRAIN initiative in the US, and the Human Brain Project in Europe have highlighted the need for improving our understanding of how the brain functions, in health and disease. Optical techniques have emerged as central to this effort, thanks to the wide array of genetically encoded fluorescent indicators of cellular function, as well as optogenetics for the control of cells within the nervous system. Optical imaging methods from diffuse optics of the human brain to in-vivo two-photon microscopy provide a multi-scale toolkit to explore the dynamic properties of brain function. Additional techniques such as light-sheet microscopy have enabled imaging of the entire brain of small organisms such as zebrafish, giving neuroscientists unique new views of the nervous system at work. This topic will highlight emerging areas where optics and neuroscience are combining. This theme will be joint with FiO 3: Optics in Biology and Medicine.
7.6 Visual Psychophysics and Physiological Optics
This session will include contributed papers on the use of imaging, psychophysical tools and models to probe, understand and characterize vision. The session will cover use of optical technologies (from wavefront sensing to adaptive optics,  anterior segment and fundus imaging), psychophysical studies and vision models ranging from physical models of the optical system of the eye to models of visual observers.


Laser Science Categories

1. High Harmonic Generation from Solids to Gases 
High harmonic generation from solids is a new area that will likely lead us to the extension of these powerful optical tools to the domain of large molecular systems. High harmonic generation is of broad interest for its potential as a diagnostic for liquid phase chemistry; new attosecond sources and its relation to gas harmonics.
2. Multiphoton Effects and High Resolution Imaging
Nonlinear and spectroscopic imaging systems convert spatial variations in optical properties into useful imaging contrast. This theme will cover techniques such as hyperspectral, Raman, photoacoustic, multiphoton, and transient absorption imaging, with a broad range of applications from remote sensing and nanomaterials to biology and medicine.

3. Advanced Nano-Photonic Lasers: Science and Application
Nanophotonic structures give researchers unprecedented abilities to control and manipulate light, which has enabled great advances in nano-photonic lasers in the past decade. In this session, we focus on recent advances in developing nano-photonic lasers and the real-world applications of these unconventional laser beams. Through the presentations and discussion from both the science and the application sides of this topic, we hope to inspire exciting opportunities and build new collaborations between the two communities.
4. Quantum Light Sources
Conventional lasers and light emitting devices generate classical fields whose properties are well-described by Maxwell’s equations. Quantum light sources seek to harness the properties of strongly nonlinear materials and discrete quantum degrees of freedom to create fields whose properties require a quantum description. These sources play a central role in a broad range of applications that include quantum communication, quantum information, and quantum enhanced sensing. This session will explore the latest developments in the generation of non-classical light sources and their various applications.
5. Integrated Quantum Photonics
The field of photonic quantum information is rapidly progressing to the stage where integration of sources, optical components, nonlinear materials, and detectors on a chip is becoming a practical reality. Such integration enables routing and processing of single photons in a photonic circuit with unprecedented complexity. Integration of photonic structures with quantum emitters is also a key step towards generating strong light-matter interactions at the quantum level. This session will highlight recent advances in the field of integrated quantum photonics and their various applications in fields such as communication, computation, and sensing.
6. Nonreciprocal and Topological Photonic Devices
The majority of optical systems exhibit time-reversal symmetry which ensures that electromagnetic fields propagate symmetrically in the forward and backward direction. Recent advances, however, have enabled new photonic components that break this symmetry. Such non-reciprocal photonic devices are important for molding the flow of light on-a-chip and constructing on-chip photonic isolators. At the same time, ideas from the field of condensed matter physics have shed new light on how to achieve topological protection in photonic structures. Such topological devices could enable fascinating new capabilities such as chiral interactions between emitters and photonic modes and topologically robust optical delay lines. In this session we will explore these new concepts in photonics engineering.
7. Nano-Plasmonics for Spectroscopy and Imaging
Nanoscale structures permit spatial localization and imaging resolution beyond the traditional far-field diffraction limit by concentrating light in small objects. Progress in nano-plasmonics both for microspectrometry and for imaging is advancing rapidly, with applications in materials and biological, as well as other areas.
8. Advances in X-ray and XUV Laser Science and Applications
Both table-top and large-scale sources of x-ray radiation are poised to dramatically revolutionize the ability to time-resolve structural changes in systems ranging from atoms to proteins. There have already been numerous demonstrated successes at the X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) LCLS and SACLA, with new facilities set to being operations in the coming years. Simultaneously, table-top sources of extreme ultraviolet (XUV) light have begun to show promise for illuminating structural dynamics in materials and other systems. This topic area seeks contributions from all X-ray and XUV areas, including XFEL, synchrotron, high-harmonic generation, plasma sources.
9. General Laser Science
This is a broad theme related to laser science. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.


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