The 2018 FiO + LS Topics and Descriptions for Submission Purposes
1.1 Optical Systems for Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
FiO 1: Fabrication, Design and Instrumentation
Advances in optics have been essential to enable the rapid development of emerging consumer products such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). The topics include fabrication of image combiners for AR and waveguides for VR as well as design and instrumentation of head-mounted display, see-through 3D display systems, and depth imaging or 3D sensing.
1.2 Optical Systems for Automotive Applications
Optics becomes essential in automotive applications such as autonomous vehicles, head-up displays, sensors and vehicle displays. This theme will bring together researchers, engineers and industrial leaders for automotive optics systems. The topics include design and instrumentation of devices and systems for depth sensing such as LIDAR and stereo-matching, head-up display optics, vehicle displays, illumination design such as laser/LED headlight, and novel optical manufacturing techniques for devices and systems for automotive applications.
1.3 Fabrication and Instrumentation for Nanophotonics
The field of optical materials has been rapidly developing in recent years, promising to deliver new materials with exotic properties generally unattainable in nature. Full exhibition of their properties and functionalities relies on 3-D control of metallic and/or dielectric structures in the nanoscale. This theme focuses on the design and fabrication of 3D/2D optical materials (including but not limited to 3D photonic crystals and 3D metamaterials) and 3D photonic integrated optics. The theme also includes optical nanolithography, EUV lithography, maskless lithography, plasmonic imaging and metamaterials, metasurfaces, flat thin optics, nanoimprint technology, self-assembly nanopatterning, organic electronic device patterning, lithography for display technology, flexible electronic devices, etc.
1.4 Design and Instrumentation for Optics in Computing
Design and instrumentation of optical modules and systems in various aspects of optical computing, quantum computing, quantum information processing and computational imaging are solicited. The topics of interest ranges from efficient optical module to system manufacturing in this field of research, such as quantum computing module design, quantum encryption systems, packaging of quantum devices and silicon photonics devices, optical computers and instrumentation of computational imaging systems.
1.5 Design, Instrumentation and Testing of Optical Devices and Systems
This subtopic encompasses a broad range of subjects from design to testing of optical devices, modules and systems. Topics include aberration theory, tolerancing, the desensitization of designs for cost reduction, diffractive optics, beam shaping, optical 2D/3D imaging systems, design of polarization and interference devices, wavefront analysis and adaptive optical systems, illumination system design, testing of novel instruments and finishing science. Papers on other topics related to various aspects of fabrication, design, and instrumentation of novel optical devices, modules, and systems are also welcome.
FiO 2: Optical Interactions
2.1 Laser-Plasma Based Acceleration and Light Sources
Laser-plasma accelerators enable intense, compact, ultrafast sources of charged particles and electromagnetic radiation, opening new possibilities for scientific, medical, industrial, security, and other applications. Charged particles are accelerated by wakefields in underdense plasmas, by sheathfields in overdense plasmas, and by radiation pressure. The accelerated electrons have been used to date to produce positrons, neutrons and electromagnetic radiation in various ways, which is also produced by direct mechanisms, such as high harmonic generation in solids and gases and THz production from solids. Contributions are sought that explore these laser-based radiation sources and their applications.
2.2 Frequency Combs, High-Harmonic Generation, and Attoscience
New frontiers in temporal resolution and spectral coverage are opened by precise control of optical pulses. High harmonic generation (HHG) in solids and gasses produces intense bursts of UV and XUV light. Attosecond sources including HHG are enabling applications such as molecular dynamics with unprecedented time resolution. Comb technologies include novel fiber systems, high power solid-state devices, comb generation from quantum cascade lasers, direct modulators, and micro combs. These devices are extending spectral coverage and adding new dimensions of rapid re-configurability, scalability and compactness to the field of frequency combs. Submissions are encouraged for source development and possible applications including those in interdisciplinary science and linking to other sub-themes (e.g. 2.5 below).
2.3 Light-Matter Interactions
Ultrafast lasers are playing revolutionary roles in material processing and finding new applications in areas such as advanced optics, photonics and medical device fabrication. The ultrafast-laser material interaction time is of the same order as the electron-phonon coupling time, therefore it is particularly attractive for investigating light-matter interactions, as well as for cutting, polishing, welding or machining brittle, hard, or additively manufactured materials, photopolymerisation of materials, for processing medical implants and for delicate surgery. Submissions are encouraged covering fundamental and applied aspects of laser irradiation-based material, structural, and surface modification including studies encompassing biomedical applications.
2.4 Ultrafast Lasers and Applications
Ultrafast lasers are being developed to achieve high-average-power trains of ultrashort pulses or single-shot systems for extremely high intensities approaching 1024 W/cm2. These advances are leading to exciting applications in basic and applied research. In addition to the very active area of laser-particle acceleration, the use of such lasers is notable in advanced concepts for laser fusion, THz generation and X-ray diagnostics, as well as remote sensing by use of laser filamentation. Lower-energy, high repetition rate systems continue to be instrumental to chemistry and materials research, as well as laser-materials processing. Submissions are encouraged in the broad area of ultrafast laser technologies, system design and applications in science and industry.
2.5 Complex States of Light
This theme encompasses states of light with features that make them fundamentally unique. Examples include: wavefields with orbital angular momentum or possessing propagation invariance, novel solutions of the wave equation, tailored-shaped beams and optical fields with polarization or phase singularities. Structured light can provide these complex states of light. The structured light finds uses in fields ranging from quantum information, quantum atom optics, laser micromanipulation, microscopy to material science. Transmission of light into and through turbid or complex media by use of complex wavefront coding is also included in this area. Submissions are encouraged on progress in this theme and the development of applications related to these states of light.
FiO 3: Quantum Electronics
3.1 Quantum Nanophotonics and Plasmonics
Topics include: frequency up/down conversion, frequency combs, metasurfaces, nonlinear devices, quantum memories, classical and quantum logic, waveguides, couplers, interferometers, phase control, gates, etc.; sources such as heralded (SPDC, SFWM, etc.) & triggered (single quantum emitter); single photon detectors, number resolving detectors, state tomography; circuit QED, various other integration schemes; implementation of algorithms using circuits; feedback and error control, quantum plasmonics.
3.2 Applications of Quantum Electronics in Automotive and Other Mobile Systems
Topics include: Laser development for advanced or low-cost LIDAR, quantum communication and imaging system deployment on moving platforms such as on self-driving cars, drones, airplanes, satellites, etc. Also included are compact computational systems enhanced by optical processors, high-speed quantum-limited imaging systems.
3.3 Quantum and Classical Optical Computation
Topics include: theoretical and experimental implementation of qubits and quantum gates using optical, semiconductor, atomic, superconducting, and hybrid environments; optical approaches for quantum and classical neural networks; optical logic; new computing paradigms including reservoir computing, coherent computing, solving NP-hard problems, parity-time simulations in 2D systems, advances in optical neural networks, neuromorphic processing; quantum metrology and quantum-limited sensors, quantum fingerprinting, topologically protected circuits, and quantum simulation.
3.4 Quantum Communication and Networking
Topics covered include: experimental and theoretical reports ranging in subject from enabling technologies such as detectors and sources to implementations of light-based quantum-information processing, and communication and imaging protocols. Special emphasis will be given to quantum communication. This theme will also accept fundamental studies on non-classical aspects of light.
3.5 General Quantum Electronics
This is a broad theme related to laser physics, quantum mechanics, and light-matter interactions. This includes, but is not limited to, the following specific fields: quantum optics, nonlinear optics, meta-materials, random media, micro cavity design, quantum-enhanced microscopy, and laser science and engineering. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.
FiO 4A: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications Photonics
4A.1: Devices and subsystems for optical communications
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of passive and active devices, components and circuits, modeling and simulation, fabrication processes and techniques, and their application in telecommunications, data centers, optical interconnects and free space communications. Also, active and passive optical devices and subsystems designed, fabricated or integrated in various material systems such as III-V, silicon, plasmonic and hybrid combinations are encouraged as well as advanced integration techniques of electronics and optics.
4A.2: High capacity optical communications and data centers
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of optical transmission systems, novel encoding schemes (i.e., OAM, Nyquist pulses / spectrum shaped modulation, super-channel and multi-carrier transmission techniques), short reach modulation schemes, transmission in unconventional bands, DSP for optical transmission systems; linear and nonlinear impairments compensation and mitigation and free space communications principles.
4A.3: Fiber optics for communications
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of transport optical fibers (single mode, multicore. multimode), or long haul and data center applications. Also muxes & demuxes, amplifiers, switches, resonators, and signal processing technologies, novel architectures and components for data-center applications. Also fiber sensors and other specialty fibers such as hollow core, plastic (polymer) or photonic crystal.
FiO 4B: Photonic Integrated Devices for Computing, Sensing, and Other Applications
4B.1 Plasmonics and Metamaterials
Waves supported at metal-dielectric interfaces and in devices patterned with nanoscale structures can be used for the manipulation of electromagnetic fields on sub-wavelength length scales as well as for the enhancement of linear and nonlinear effects. This theme focuses on plasmonic structures and metamaterials for enhanced optical scattering, modulators, sensors, detectors, creating strong light-matter interactions, flat lenses and other imaging devices, and surface wave control.
4B.2 Nanoscale Waveguide and Resonator Devices
Devices formed in high index contrast material platforms support strongly confined optical modes with sub-micron transverse dimensions for dense integration and strongly enhanced linear and nonlinear effects. They have applications including information processing, sensing and fundamental studies of light-matter coupling. This topic focuses on photonic crystals, nanocavities, nanowires, nanophotonic optomechanical devices, whispering gallery mode resonators, nanotubes, devices for coupling light to 2D materials, and nanostructures for integrated photonic devices and circuits.
4B.3 Integrated devices for computing, sensing and other applications
This theme broadly covers areas such as optical fiber sensors, nonlinear optical techniques and light generation and manipulation at wavelengths beyond the telecommunications bands. Optical fiber sensors based on specialty fibers, including photonic crystal, polymer, and multi-core fibers are considered. It includes the generation and manipulation of light using optical fibers, ranging from fundamental physical processes to design and fabrication of specialty fibers to evaluation of performance results. Integrated photonics operating in the mid-infrared spectral region have a wide range of applications in spectroscopy, free-space optical communications, and chemical/bio-sensing, and are included in this topic.
FiO 5: Optics in Biology, Medicine, Vision, and Color
5.1 Integration of Optics, Vehicles, and Humans
Optics are critical to the modern vehicle: from human sensory input to road illumination to LIDAR eye safety to optical measurement of attention, the interface of humans and optics impacts many data types, design constraints, and human factors. New questions have arisen related to visual attention, and cognitive/visual distraction when given intermittent control of an otherwise autonomous vehicle. This subtopic broadly encompasses human-vehicle interaction and human measurement in the vehicular space, including illumination, data presentation, human factors, safety, human-machine interface, visual attention, distraction, and attention tracking, as well as technological tools to mitigate these issues.
5.2 Energy Harvesting, Conversion, and Applications for Sensing and Therapy in Biological Systems
The interaction of light and matter provide a wide range of applications to biological sensing and therapeutics. This subtheme integrates energy conversion (e.g., nanoparticles transforming light to heat to sound), plasmonic enhancement of weak signals (e.g., SERS), use of nano-structured contrast agents, and the many other applications of nanostructures, nanophotonics and plasmonics in biological contexts. This subtheme specifically includes both experimental and theoretical applications to phototherapy, photoacoustic imaging, up-conversion, phosphorescence, and fluorescence.
5.3 Virtual, Remote, and Augmented Realities
Observation has been critical for diagnosis since at least Galen; modern technologies provide the ability to permit a remote expert to examine a patient and vision/imaging is a critical component of diagnosis. More broadly, virtual and mixed reality introduce novel challenges for vision science and display engineering. These new technologies have sparked renewed interest for known scientific questions (e.g. perceptuo-motor recalibration, depth distortions, simulator sickness, and visual fatigue due to the vergence-accommodation conflict). In addition, they also open new avenues of research to develop novel ways to deliver rich sensory information to active observers (e.g. light fields, holographic displays).
This subtheme focuses on optical enhancements of medical observation over distance (e.g., tele-medicine/presence), wavelength (e.g., hypersepectral imaging for bedside diagnosis, contrast enhanced overlays of surgical fields of view), and access (e.g., catheter based imaging). Additionally, this subtheme encompasses work on the understanding of how human observation can be understood and enhanced through research into human factors and data presentation, understanding of perceptual issues, and novel solutions based on engineering, computational imaging, and vision science.
5.4 Optics to Diagnose, Monitor, and Treat Disease
Many biological processes have optical signatures, from bruises to the flush of embarrassment to cancer to brain injury. Moreover, optical tools can be used to treat, as well as diagnose or monitor, disease or aging: eyeglasses are a critical part of life for many of us. This subtheme broadly includes both experimental and theoretical/computational applications of optics to diagnosis and treat disease, including pre-clinical and in vitro models. Contributions focused on diagnosis through spectroscopy or fluorescence (e.g., ‘virtual biopsy’, see also VR subtheme), optical tools for therapy monitoring (e.g., tumors during chemotherapy), and other applications of optical tools in the clinical environment are encouraged. This subtheme also includes optical prosthetics, optical directed energy (e.g., laser surgery), biomodulation, photothermal, and photodynamic therapies.
5.5 General Topics in Vision
This subtopic encompasses all applications of optics and photonics to basic, applied, and clinical vision science that do not fit the above three specific subtopics. Submissions will be evaluated according to their appeal to the broader OSA community, their relevance to the study of human vision, their relevance to related industries, and to submissions that relate to one or more of the conferences four themes: automotive, optics in computing, virtual reality and augmented reality, and nanophotonics and plasmonics.
FiO 6: Information Acquisition, Processing and Display
6.1 Computational/Transformation Optics and Optics in Computing
This subcategory represents a broad spectrum of research area that welcomes all scientific and technical papers on general topics concerning computational or transformation optics as well as optics in computing. Submissions are encouraged in the development and application of high-accuracy numerical methods for computational optics, transformation optics for imaging, digital holography, computer-generated hologram for display, optical analogue computing, neural networks, quantum information processing, quantum mechanics in memory and computing, and optical design for computational imaging instruments.
6.2 Image Acquisition and Processing for Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
The subtopic covers all aspects of optics in information acquisition and data processing for virtual-reality (VR) and augmented-reality (AR) applications. The topics to be covered include but are not limited to: compressed sensing and applications to optical imaging, adaptive image processing and pre-processing, model-based and image-based view synthesis, passive and active systems, all-optical control of information, systems, methods, and user interfaces for image location, acquisition, analysis, and data correlation that uses human-in-the-loop processing, human intelligence tasks, and automated image processing.
6.3 Display Technology for Automotive and VR/AR Applications
Display technology has evolved rapidly since the thin-film-transistor liquid-crystal display technology started booming in the 1990s. This thematic area will bring together researchers, optical engineers and industrial leaders involved in the design, investigation and manufacturing of vehicle displays, 3D imaging and sensing and wearable technology. The topics include head-up display (HUD) technology, display systems for maned and self-driving vehicles, optical head-mounted display (HMD) devices, see-through 3D display systems, holographic display systems, and other display technology for automotive and VR/AR Applications.
6.4 General Information Acquisition, Processing and Display
This subtopic encompasses a broad range of subjects from general optical information acquisition, image sensing and processing to information display. Within the general Information Acquisition, Processing and Display category, topics include all areas and yet do not fit the above three specific subtopics. Contributions are sought in but not limited to the areas of applied spectroscopy, 2D/3D image acquisition and processing, compressive optical sensing, pattern recognition and imaging, transformation/computational optics and optical computing, polarization optics in information acquisition, processing and display, optics and processing in 2D/3D information display, and optical materials for display applications.
Laser Science Categories
1. Extreme Laser Science (Wavelength, Power, Time)
This area solicits novel research on the extreme areas of laser development, including x-ray and high harmonic generation, petawatt class laser systems, and attosecond laser technology. Papers describing new approaches in generation and measurement, applications, or associated technologies are of interest.
2. Quantum Science
This area solicits papers in quantum science, including sources, detection, measurement, transmission and applications.
3. Precision Spectroscopy
This area solicits papers in all areas of precision spectroscopy and measurements, including sources, detection method/systems, and applications.
4. Novel Lasers, Plasmonics, Nanophotonics
This area solicits papers in the area of novel lasers with unique operating characteristics, and applications of lasers in all areas of science, technology and industry.