The 2018 FiO + LS Topics and Descriptions for Submission Purposes
1.1 Optical Design and Instrumentation
FiO 1: Fabrication, Design and Instrumentation
This theme encompasses a broad range of subjects from general optical/illumination design to the design and testing of novel optical instruments. Topics include aberration theory, tolerancing, the desensitization of designs for cost reduction, diffractive optics, beam shaping, and system design and analysis. Contributions are also sought in the area of aberration fields of optical systems with freeform surfaces, freeform surface representations, and optical design methods for imaging/illumination systems with freeform surfaces.
1.2 Optical Fabrication and Testing
Optical fabrication and testing covers all aspects of optics fabrication and testing ranging from micro-optics to large optics, and from high-value optics to mass-produced optics. This theme emphasizes new ideas and concepts in fabrication and testing of micro-optics, the fabrication and testing of aspheric, conformal and freeform optics, fabrication of optics from novel materials, and finishing science.
1.3 Coherence, Interference, and Polarization
Coherence and polarization are fundamental properties of light fields which can be utilized and manipulated in optical science and engineering. Submissions are encouraged in coherence, interferometry, applications of interferometers, digital holography, holographic micro- and nano-fabrication methods, 3D holographic microscopy, optical image processing, beam shaping, subwavelength optics, fabrication of diffractive and micro-optical elements, creation, characterization and application of unconventional polarization states, the interaction of nanostructures with polarized light, polarizing in scattering, and other polarization related subjects.
1.4 Wavefront Sensing and Adaptive Optics
This theme is intended to promote technical exchange in the sciences and engineering of wavelength sensing and adaptive optics, with broad coverage ranging from theory, algorithm developments, numerical simulations, to hardware implementation and applications. The topics to be covered include but are not limited to: aberration theory; orthogonal polynomials in wavefront and aberration analysis, orthogonal polynomials descriptions for optical systems, wavefront sensing techniques, compressive sensing techniques, development and application of adaptive optics enabled imaging techniques, adaptive optical systems and optical instrumentation.
1.5 Optical Systems for Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality
Advances in optics have been essential to enable the rapid development of emerging consumer products such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). The topics include fabrication of image combiners for AR and waveguides for VR as well as design and instrumentation of head-mounted display, see-through 3D display systems, and depth imaging or 3D sensing.
1.6 Optical Systems for Automotive Applications
Optics becomes essential in automotive applications such as autonomous vehicles, head-up displays, sensors and vehicle displays. This theme will bring together researchers, engineers and industrial leaders for automotive optics systems. The topics include design and instrumentation of devices and systems for depth sensing such as LIDAR and stereo-matching, head-up display optics, vehicle displays, illumination design such as laser/LED headlight, and novel optical manufacturing techniques for devices and systems for automotive applications.
1.7 Fabrication and Instrumentation for Nanophotonics
The field of optical materials has been rapidly developing in recent years, promising to deliver new materials with exotic properties generally unattainable in nature. Full exhibition of their properties and functionalities relies on 3D control of metallic and/or dielectric structures in the nanoscale. This theme focuses on the design and fabrication of 3D/2D optical materials (including but not limited to 3D photonic crystals and 3D metamaterials) and 3D photonic integrated optics. The theme also includes optical nanolithography, EUV lithography, maskless lithography, metasurfaces, flat thin optics, nanoimprint technology, self-assembly nanopatterning, organic electronic device patterning, lithography for display technology, flexible electronic devices, etc.
FiO 2: Optical Interactions
2.1 Laser-Plasma Based Acceleration and Light Sources
Laser-plasma accelerators enable intense, compact, ultrafast sources of charged particles and electromagnetic radiation, opening new possibilities for scientific, medical, industrial, security, and other applications. Charged particles are accelerated by wakefields in underdense plasmas, by sheathfields in overdense plasmas, and by radiation pressure. The accelerated electrons have been used to date to produce positrons, neutrons and electromagnetic radiation in various ways, which is also produced by direct mechanisms, such as high harmonic generation in solids and gases and THz production from solids. Contributions are sought that explore these laser-based radiation sources and their applications.
2.2 Frequency Combs, High-Harmonic Generation, and Attoscience
New frontiers in temporal resolution and spectral coverage are opened by precise control of optical pulses. High harmonic generation (HHG) in solids and gasses produces intense bursts of UV and XUV light. Attosecond sources including HHG are enabling applications such as molecular dynamics with unprecedented time resolution. Comb technologies include novel fiber systems, high power solid-state devices, comb generation from quantum cascade lasers, direct modulators, and micro combs. These devices are extending spectral coverage and adding new dimensions of rapid re-configurability, scalability and compactness to the field of frequency combs. Submissions are encouraged for source development and possible applications including those in interdisciplinary science and linking to other sub-themes (e.g. 2.5 below).
2.3 Light-Matter Interactions
Ultrafast lasers are playing revolutionary roles in material processing and finding new applications in areas such as advanced optics, photonics and medical device fabrication. The ultrafast-laser material interaction time is of the same order as the electron-phonon coupling time, therefore it is particularly attractive for investigating light-matter interactions, as well as for cutting, polishing, welding or machining brittle, hard, or additively manufactured materials, photopolymerisation of materials, for processing medical implants and for delicate surgery. Submissions are encouraged covering fundamental and applied aspects of laser irradiation-based material, structural, and surface modification including studies encompassing biomedical applications.
2.4 Ultrafast Lasers and Applications
Ultrafast lasers are being developed to achieve high-average-power trains of ultrashort pulses or single-shot systems for extremely high intensities approaching 1024 W/cm2. These advances are leading to exciting applications in basic and applied research. In addition to the very active area of laser-particle acceleration, the use of such lasers is notable in advanced concepts for laser fusion, THz generation and X-ray diagnostics, as well as remote sensing by use of laser filamentation. Lower-energy, high repetition rate systems continue to be instrumental to chemistry and materials research, as well as laser-materials processing. Submissions are encouraged in the broad area of ultrafast laser technologies, system design and applications in science and industry.
2.5 Complex States of Light
This theme encompasses states of light with features that make them fundamentally unique. Examples include: wavefields with orbital angular momentum or possessing propagation invariance, novel solutions of the wave equation, tailored-shaped beams and optical fields with polarization or phase singularities. Structured light can provide these complex states of light. The structured light finds uses in fields ranging from quantum information, quantum atom optics, laser micromanipulation, microscopy to material science. Transmission of light into and through turbid or complex media by use of complex wavefront coding is also included in this area. Submissions are encouraged on progress in this theme and the development of applications related to these states of light.
2.6 General Optical Interactions
This theme encompasses a broad range of optical interactions topics which do not fit in the other specific topics. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are invited, ranging from fundamental to applied research in optical interactions.
FiO 3: Quantum Electronics
3.1 Nanophotonics and Plasmonics
Topics include on-chip: frequency conversion, frequency combs, nonlinear devices; 2D materials, meta-materials, random media; resonators, waveguides, couplers, interferometers, structural slow-light, phase control, gates; sources such as heralded (SPDC, SFWM, etc.) and triggered (single quantum emitter); single photon detectors, number resolving detectors, state tomography; integrated quantum electrodynamics, various other integration schemes; implementation of algorithms using circuits; feedback and error control, metasurfaces, quantum plasmonics, phononics.
3.2 Quantum and Classical Optical Computation
Topics include: theoretical and experimental implementation of qubits and quantum gates using optical, semiconductor, atomic, superconducting, and hybrid environments; quantum memories, classical and quantum logic; optical approaches for quantum and classical neural networks; optical logic; new computing paradigms including reservoir computing, coherent computing, solving NP-hard problems, parity-time simulations in 2D systems, advances in optical neural networks, neuromorphic processing; quantum metrology and quantum-limited sensors, quantum fingerprinting, topologically protected circuits, and quantum simulation.
3.3 Optical Communication
Special emphasis will be given to quantum communication. Topics include: experimental and theoretical reports ranging in subject from enabling technologies, such as detectors and sources, to implementations of light-based quantum-communication and imaging protocols.
3.4 Optics for Gravitational Wave Detection
Topics include: LIGO, history of improvement of LIGO sensitivity, theoretical quantum mechanical limits to detect gravitational waves on earth and in space LIGOs, practical limits to LIGO, comparison of optical gravitational wave detection with respect to competitive methods, from narrowband to broad baseband optical detector of gravitational waves.
3.5 General Quantum Electronics
This is a broad theme related to laser physics, quantum mechanics, and light-matter interactions. This includes, but is not limited to, the following specific fields: quantum optics, nonlinear optics, quantum electrodynamics, quantum-enhanced microscopy, laser science and engineering. This theme will also accept fundamental studies on non-classical aspects of light. Submissions of both experimental and theoretical work are welcome, with an emphasis which can range from fundamental to applied research, and which do not fit in the above-mentioned specific themes.
FiO 4A: Fiber Optics and Optical Communications Photonics
4A.1: Devices and subsystems for optical communications
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of passive and active devices, components and circuits, modeling and simulation, fabrication processes and techniques, and their application in telecommunications, data centers, optical interconnects and free space communications. Also, active and passive optical devices and subsystems designed, fabricated or integrated in various material systems such as III-V, silicon, plasmonic and hybrid combinations are encouraged as well as advanced integration techniques of electronics and optics.
4A.2: High capacity optical communications and data centers
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of optical transmission systems, novel encoding schemes (i.e., OAM, Nyquist pulses / spectrum shaped modulation, super-channel and multi-carrier transmission techniques), short reach modulation schemes, transmission in unconventional bands, DSP for optical transmission systems; linear and nonlinear impairments compensation and mitigation and free space communications principles.
4A.3: Fiber optics for communications
Submissions are encouraged in the areas of transport optical fibers (single mode, multicore. multimode), or long haul and data center applications. Also muxes & demuxes, amplifiers, switches, resonators, and signal processing technologies, novel architectures and components for data-center applications. Also fiber sensors and other specialty fibers such as hollow core, plastic (polymer) or photonic crystal.
FiO 4B: Photonic Integrated Devices for Computing, Sensing, and Other Applications
4B.1 Plasmonics and Metamaterials
Waves supported at metal-dielectric interfaces and in devices patterned with nanoscale structures can be used for the manipulation of electromagnetic fields on sub-wavelength length scales as well as for the enhancement of linear and nonlinear effects. This theme focuses on plasmonic structures and metamaterials for enhanced optical scattering, modulators, sensors, detectors, creating strong light-matter interactions, flat lenses and other imaging devices, and surface wave control.
4B.2 Nanoscale Waveguide and Resonator Devices
Devices formed in high index contrast material platforms support strongly confined optical modes with sub-micron transverse dimensions for dense integration and strongly enhanced linear and nonlinear effects. They have applications including information processing, sensing and fundamental studies of light-matter coupling. This topic focuses on photonic crystals, nanocavities, nanowires, nanophotonic optomechanical devices, whispering gallery mode resonators, nanotubes, devices for coupling light to 2D materials, and nanostructures for integrated photonic devices and circuits.
4B.3 Integrated devices for computing, sensing and other applications
This theme broadly covers areas such as optical fiber sensors, nonlinear optical techniques and light generation and manipulation at wavelengths beyond the telecommunications bands. Optical fiber sensors based on specialty fibers, including photonic crystal, polymer, and multi-core fibers are considered. It includes the generation and manipulation of light using optical fibers, ranging from fundamental physical processes to design and fabrication of specialty fibers to evaluation of performance results. Integrated photonics operating in the mid-infrared spectral region have a wide range of applications in spectroscopy, free-space optical communications, and chemical/bio-sensing, and are included in this topic.
FiO 5: Optics in Biology, Medicine, Vision, and Color
5.1 Probing neurons and their networks with optics, from cells to the human brain
Optical tools provide unique capacities to probe brain function, from the neuronal level to functional activation. These capabilities have been emphasized and enhanced by the recent US and EU BRAIN initiatives. This subcategory seeks submissions including microscopic and macroscopic measurements of neuronal activity, functional activation, and cerebral/neuronal networks. Submissions utilizing both intrinsic and extrinsic contrasts are welcome, as are studies utilizing the unique contrasts of optics in conjunction with other imaging modalities.
5.2 Advances in technology and applications of label-free optical sensing, monitoring, and imaging for biomedicine
Scattering, fluorescence, absorption, and many other intrinsic optical contrasts have been used to great effect from basic biology through clinical applications. For example, optical coherence tomography has experienced explosive growth over the last 25 years, from academic papers to significant commercialization. OCT, Raman, ultra-high resolution, multi-photon, and other technologies continue to be developed, refined, and applied. This subcategory seeks submissions which explore new technical developments in and applications of label free optical techniques in the context of pre-clinical and clinical questions.
5.3 Hearing light: photoacoustic imaging
Photoacoustic measurements offer the combination of optical contrasts and acoustic resolution across a range of length scales. The wealth of biologically interesting chromophores and contrast agents, coupled with the high acoustic transmission of many tissues, enable unprecedented imaging of thick tissues. This subcategory includes advances in technologies and applications of photoacoustics, including theranostics, across length scales.
5.4 Fiber optic and endoscopic sensors in biology and medicine (joint session with FiO 4B)
Fiber optics have enabled the transmission of light to and from tissues previously inaccessible to optical techniques. Moreover, fiber optics themselves have been developed as sensing tools. This subcategory broadly includes development and applications of fiber optic sensors and endoscopic tools to clinical and pre-clinical measurements.
5.5 Virtual, remote, and augmented realities
Recent technological developments have brought virtual, remote, and augmented technologies to a wide variety of consumer and health care applications, e.g., modern technologies allow a remote expert to examine a patient. More broadly, virtual and mixed reality introduce novel challenges for vision science and display engineering. These new technologies have sparked renewed interest for known scientific questions (e.g. perceptuo-motor recalibration, depth distortions, simulator sickness, and visual fatigue due to the vergence-accommodation conflict). In addition, they also open new avenues of research to develop novel ways to deliver rich sensory information to active observers (e.g. light fields, holographic displays).
This subcategory focuses on optical enhancements of medical observation over distance (e.g., tele-medicine/presence), wavelength (e.g., hyperspectral imaging for bedside diagnosis, contrast enhanced overlays of surgical fields of view), and access (e.g., catheter based imaging). Additionally, this subcategory encompasses work on the understanding of how human observation can be understood and enhanced through research into human factors and data presentation, understanding of perceptual issues, and novel solutions based on engineering, computational imaging, and vision science.
5.6 Vision and Color
Basic, applied, and clinical vision science are all intimately connected to fundamental understandings and applications of optics and photonics. This subcategory encourages submissions from all areas of vision science. Submissions will be evaluated according to their appeal to the broader OSA community, their relevance to the study of human vision, and their relevance to related industries.
5.7 General topics in biomedical optics
Biomedical optics is a broad field, with many interrelated subfields. This subcategory encourages submission from authors whose work does not fall obviously into one of the above subcategories.
FiO 6: Information Acquisition, Processing and Display
6.1 Computational/Transformation Optics and Optics in Computing
This subcategory represents a broad spectrum of research area that welcomes all scientific and technical papers on the topics concerning computational or transformation optics as well as optics in computing. Submissions are encouraged in the development and application of high-accuracy numerical methods for computational optics, transformation optics for imaging, optical analogue computing, neural networks, quantum information processing, quantum mechanics in memory and computing, and optical design for computational imaging instruments.
6.2 General Information Acquisition and Processing
This subtopic encompasses a broad range of subjects from general optical information acquisition, image sensing and processing. Within the general Information Acquisition and processing category, topics include all areas and yet do not fit the above subtopics. Contributions are sought in but not limited to the areas of applied spectroscopy, optics and processing in camera technology, passive and active acquisition systems, compressive optical sensing, digital holography, pattern recognition and imaging, artificial intelligence, 2D/3D data conversion, efficient encoding and decoding method, digital holography, transformation/computational optics, optical computing, polarization optics, and applications in information acquisition & processing.
6.3 General Information Display Technology
This subtopic covers all aspects of optics, optoelectronics and processing applied to information display technology. These scopes are sought in but not limited to the areas of head-up display, head-mounted display, see-through display, high-definition display, optical materials and devices for information display, polarization optics, backlight system, touch sensor, sensors on display, human-machine interface, evaluation methodology of display, and application systems in information display.
6.4 3D and Light-Field Optics in Information Acquisition and Display Applications
The subtopic specifies the technologies related to 3D and light-field in information acquisition, processing, and display. The topics to be covered include but are not limited to: light-field camera, digital holography, multi-camera system, LiDAR, 3D reconstruction of scene, model-based and image-based view synthesis, passive and active systems, light-field display, holographic display, autostereoscopic display, volume display, hologram, optical devices for 3D display, LC-lens, and applications in information display.
Laser Science Categories
1. Extreme Laser Science (Wavelength, Power, Time)
This area solicits novel research on the extreme areas of laser development, including x-ray and high harmonic generation, petawatt class laser systems, and attosecond laser technology. Papers describing new approaches in generation and measurement, applications, or associated technologies are of interest.
2. Quantum Science
This area solicits papers in quantum science, including sources, detection, measurement, transmission and applications.
3. Precision Spectroscopy
This area solicits papers in all areas of precision spectroscopy and measurements, including sources, detection method/systems, and applications.
4. Novel Lasers, Plasmonics, Nanophotonics
This area solicits papers in the area of novel lasers with unique operating characteristics, and applications of lasers in all areas of science, technology and industry.